Are Earthquakes Increasing?

first_imgThe recent rash of deadly earthquakes has many people asking: is this unusual?  Have the frequency and intensity of earthquakes been increasing in recent years?  Geologists secular and theistic have weighed in on the question.    Two reporters at Live Science (Live Science #1 and Live Science #2) took up the issue and quoted geologists who concluded that the long-term pattern is random.  Richard Kerr for Science Magazine News quoted experts on both sides: some who see the trend as unusual, some who see it as random.    There’s no question that the recent series of megaquakes (Japan, Indonesia, New Zealand, Chile) has been a cluster.  But there have been other clusters of great quakes, notably a series from 1952 to 1964.  We’ve only been measuring earthquake magnitudes for about 100 years, so scientists do not have a long enough record to fully establish the random hypothesis.    It takes many trials to get reliable statistics.  That’s why Richard Kerr titled his article, “More Megaquakes on the Way?  That Depends on Your Statistics.”  What remains to be seen is whether one great quake can trigger others across the globe.  Some geologists are preparing models to see if future quakes will confirm or disconfirm the random hypothesis as opposed to the trigger hypothesis.    Steve Austin, a prominent creationist geologist, has also written on the subject (see article on ICR).  He included more long-term data from historical reports and agreed that the perception of increasing numbers of earthquakes in recent years is an illusion: “Since good seismographs went into operation late in the 1890’s, no steady trend suggesting increased frequency or intensity has been demonstrated.”  Other factors contribute to the illusion: rapid reporting, larger populations in urban centers, and consequent greater damage and loss of life.    Noting that Jesus had prophesied “There will be earthquakes in divers places” as the “beginning of birth pangs” of his coming (Matthew 24:7; Mark 13:8), Austin said it is not necessary to interpret the metaphor as an increase in frequency and intensity, but as something erratic and unpredictable: “Global seismic activity is very non-uniform in time; it is like waiting for birth pangs.” Christians need to be good statisticians and not jump to conclusions.  The megaquakes in Japan, Indonesia, and Chile, and others in New Zealand, Haiti and elsewhere in recent years are disturbing, but inconclusive as to whether they are unusual in the long term.  Remember, too, that one moderate earthquake in a densely-populated, unprepared country like Haiti can create far worse damage than several megaquakes in remote regions.  The perception of an apocalyptic rise in earthquakes can be fanned by rapid, eyewitness reports, as seen in Haiti and Japan.    Perhaps a cluster of great earthquakes will accompany the other signs Jesus described, such as wars and rumors of wars and famines – “See that you are not alarmed, for this must take place, but the end is not yet,” Jesus said, instructing his disciples not to conclude His coming was imminent; “All these are but the beginning of the birth pains.”  Remember that the beginning of birth pains are infrequent, and that a day to the Lord is as a thousand years.  Wars, famines and earthquakes have been ongoing since His death and resurrection.    Jesus continued by describing what else would precede His coming: worldwide persecution of His disciples, a great “falling away” of nominal believers, hatred, lawlessness, and false prophets.  But only at the imminent time of His appearing would there be specific signs, like the “abomination of desolation” in the Temple.  And His actual coming would be accompanied by great signs in the heavens – signs so clear as to remove all doubt.  The book of Revelation further describes great earthquakes as part of the judgment leading up to His return.    Parts of Jesus’ Olivet Discourse shortly before His crucifixion (Matthew 24, Mark 13), in answer to His disciples’ question about signs of the end of the age, are warnings not to try predict the day of His coming, because “no one knows the day or the hour”.  Just like the days of Noah or of Lot, He said, nobody expected the sudden destruction that was imminent.  It is wise to avoid rash conclusions from a few earthquakes, yet also to weigh the sum total of the signs all the Biblical prophets mentioned.  Those who stay awake and faithful will not be completely surprised at that day, like the uniformitarians will be (2 Peter 3).(Visited 14 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

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Superstar’s spotlight shines on agriculture at the Ayars Family Farm

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Joel Penhorwood and Matt ReeseCountry music superstar Luke Bryan performed last night on the Ayars Family Farm near Mechanicsburg in Champaign County for the first stop on his 2018 Farm Tour.In conjunction with the concert, in an effort to salute Ohio’s largest food and agriculture industry, Governor John R. Kasich declared September 27, 2018 “Here’s to the Farmer Day” in the State of Ohio.“I think a lot of times agriculture goes unnoticed. I think these kinds of events help draw attention to all of our farmers out there that work hard each and every day to provide the necessities of life,” said David Daniels, director of the Ohio Department of Agriculture from a hayfield serving as a parking lot for last night’s Bryan concert. “I think it is great that the Governor proclaimed this ‘Here’s to the farmer day’ and I think it is great that Ohio was able to bring this concert here. There are only about five of these every year. With our strong agricultural heritage and what it means to our overall economy, we are glad to be here and very proud. Agriculture provides 1 out of 8 jobs and adds $124 billion to our economy. It is not just the guy who is planting the seed in the ground. We’ve got food processing in Ohio — about 1,200 processors that employ 68,000 people. It doesn’t make any difference where you live, there is agriculture and agriscience happening near you.”Daniels pointed out that events like this concert can be a nice way to connect Ohio’s farm community with consumers.“I look forward to seeing all of the people here tonight. I see a lot of people here that look like they are involved in agriculture but also a lot of fans who maybe aren’t connected to agriculture,” he said. “Maybe the best thing that can happen here tonight is everybody gets a little bit better appreciation for what farming is and what agriculture is.”John, Bonnie, Lucas, and Eli Ayars milk 150 Guernsey and Brown Swiss cows and raise corn, soybeans and hay on 1,000 acres. Staring in 2010, the Ayars began using their milk to make homemade ice cream right on the farm. Ayars Family Ice Cream is available in over 30 stores. The family plans on serving up plenty of ice cream and was excited to host the concert.On the tour, Bryan is celebrating a decade of saluting the American farmer as he takes his tenth annual Farm Tour 2018 to six cities this fall setting up stages in the fields of local farms from Ohio to Florida. Joining Bryan on the tour as guests this year are Chase Rice, Jon Langston, the Peach Pickers, and DJ Rock.Over 100,000 fans have attended the tour each year since its inception in 2009. In addition to the on-farm performances, Bryan will continue giving back to the farmers by awarding college scholarships to students from farming families who are attending the local college or university near the tour stops. To date, more than 50 scholarships have been granted.last_img read more

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Enterprise 2.0 Pioneer Ross Mayfield Leaves Socialtext for SlideShare

first_imgCognitive Automation is the Immediate Future of… Tags:#enterprise#Trends klint finley IT + Project Management: A Love Affair Today co-founder, president and chairman of Socialtext Ross Mayfield announced on his blog that he is stepping down from his day-to-day duties at Socialtext and joining SlideShare as vice presdent of business development. Mayfield told us about the move: “SlideShare is obviously different but what it has in common with Socialtext is being at the boundary between consumer and enterprise, which is my favorite place to play.” Mayfield has been an adviser to SlideShare for the past four years. He will remain the chairman of the board of directors at Socialtext.Socialtext was one of the first companies in the enterprise 2.0 space, and the first to offer an enterprise wiki. “Whatever your enterprise 2.0 / social business poison, our industry owes a lot to Ross for persistently questioning how we work,” Sameer Patel of the Sovos Grouptweeted in response to the announcement. We discussed Socialtext’s role in the development of enterprise social software earlier this week.As president of Socialtext, Mayfield handled marketing and business development for the company. Mayfield’s new role at Slideshare won’t be entirely different. Mayfield was also the original CEO of Socialtext, a role he ceded in 2007. Eugene Lee is now the CEO of Socialtext. Mayfield’s announcement from 2007 rings true today as well:As a company founder, as I’ve written before, it is inevitable and necessary that your role evolves for the best interest of the company and what you own of it. Today I’m invoking the most powerful inflection point I can for Socialtext.“Ross is one of those guys who starts companies and grows them to a certain point and brings on other management,” says R “Ray” Wang, CEO and principal analyst of Constellation Research. “Eugene is now in the position of having to take the company is a bigger direction.” Wang doesn’t think Mayfield’s departure should be of concern to Socialtext customers.Mayfield leaves the company in a state of growth, but is most proud of what he calls Socialtext’s “series of firsts.” From his announcement:The first commercial wiki company, first to adapt the best of the social web for enterprises each year, bringing web oriented architecture and emerging standards like OpenSocial into the enterprise, SocialCalc as the first native Enterprise 2.0 application and the creation of a social layer across the enterprise. All these first were made possible by focusing on one of the most rewarding problems you can address — collaboration and sharing between people.Although the company is growing, and has been a prominent thought leader in the space for several years, it faces challenges. It faces increased competition from both established companies like IBM and upstarts like Yammer. Last year in its Magic Quadrant for Social Software in the Workplace report, Gartner praised most aspects of the company but cautioned “Socialtext is a small organization with fewer than 100 employees that needs to do more to build its reputation as an enterprise vendor.” Earlier this week we commented that Socialtext needs to do more to scale its operations. Being first isn’t enough anymore.What’s next for SlideShare? Mayfield hints that SlideShare will be making more of a play for the enterprise soon.center_img Related Posts Massive Non-Desk Workforce is an Opportunity fo… 3 Areas of Your Business that Need Tech Nowlast_img read more

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New Zealand name uncapped spinner in World Cup squad

first_imgNew Zealand have named uncapped left-arm spinner Luke Woodcock in their 15-man squad for next month’s cricket World Cup.Woodcock made his New Zealand debut in a Twenty20 international against Pakistan last month but has yet to represent his country at one-day or Test level.”Luke Woodcock has worked hard for his chance after forging an impressive record with Wellington over a number of years,” selection panel convener Mark Greatbatch said.”He has a good head on his shoulders and his selection provides the option of playing three spinners which could be useful in the subcontinent.”Young fast bowler Hamish Bennett, who suffered a groin strain on his test debut against India last November, was recalled along with veteran all-rounder Jacob Oram.Brendon McCullum was the only specialist wicketkeeper named Wednesday in the New Zealand squad. Batsman Jamie How would provide backup at the tournament and Peter McGlashan was on standby.”We’ve taken a bit of a punt there, but at the end of the day we thought a third spinner was more important in the subcontinent,” Greatbatch said.”Jamie How’s a good athlete. He kept in a World Cup game a few years ago and at the end of the day it’s about catching a ball. He was keen to do it. The schedule allows us to get someone over if we need to.”Greatbatch said Bennett had earned his recall after overcoming his injury and showing strong domestic form”Hamish made a good start to his one-day career and deserves the opportunity now that he is fully fit,” he said.advertisement”He’s back, running in fast and hitting the deck hard. He impressed us in Bangladesh and the way he bowls – with the angle he creates back into the right-handers – we think he’ll be useful.”Greatbatch said Oram had convinced the selectors of his fitness, though his career has been plagued by injuries.”He is getting stronger each game, I saw him throwing himself around a couple of rounds ago, looking nimble and bowling his overs. We have missed him over the last year,” Greatbatch said.”You look at his numbers, he is impressive on the world stage. He is experienced and it could be a good stage for his batting to come right in the lower end of the order.”In order to be competitive at the World Cup, New Zealand will have to break a streak of 11-straight losses in one-day internationals, the second-longest in its history after a 13-man losing run in the mid-1990s.New Zealand squad: Daniel Vettori (captain), Hamish Bennett, James Franklin, Martin Guptill, Jamie How, Brendon McCullum, Nathan McCullum, Kyle Mills, Jacob Oram, Jesse Ryder, Tim Southee, Scott Styris, Ross Taylor, Kane Williamson, Luke Woodcock.last_img read more

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