A team of the Income Tax Department on July 25 raided the residence and factory premises of senior Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) leader and legislator Hasan Mushrif in Kolhapur district in western MaharashtraAn MLA from the Kagal Assembly seat, Mr. Mushrif, a former Minister who held the Labour portfolio in the erstwhile Congress-NCP government, is considered to be a tall leader of his party in the State’s ‘sugar belt’ region.According to sources, the I-T team swooped down on Mr. Mushrif’s bungalow in Kagal at around 5.30 a.m. while simultaneous raids took place at his son’s residence in Pune and his relatives’ house in Takala in Kolhapur.Officials also conducted searches at the Sar Senapati Santaji Ghorpade Sugar Factory in Kagal which is said to be controlled by Mr. Mushrif among other places.However, authorities declined to elaborate on the reason for the raids.A number of the NCP leader’s loyalists thronged outside his house to express solidarity as news of the raids spread throughout Kagal. A robust security shield was in place as the I-T officials conducted their searches and scrutinised documents at Mr. Mushrif’s house and office.The raids coincide with the exit of another important NCP leader Sachin Ahir, who jettisoned his position as his party’s Mumbai unit chief to enter the Shiv Sena, allegedly impressed with Aditya Thackeray’s leadership.The timing of the raid on Mr. Mushrif’s home has triggered speculation that the NCP leader’s alleged ‘refusal’ to join the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) prompted the party to unleash the I-T Department on him.“Recently, at a public function in Kolhapur, newly appointed BJP State president Chandrakant Patil had made an open offer to Mr. Mushrif to ally with the BJP. But the NCP leader had snubbed Mr. Patil and instead questioned as to how, and from where, was the BJP able to secure enormous funds to ‘buy’ Congress legislators in Karnataka and destabilise the Congress-JD (S) government,” said an analyst, requesting anonymity.The raids on Mr. Mushrif’s house also come amid intense speculation of another NCP MLA, Vaibhav Pichad from Akole in Ahmednagar district, entering the BJP fold.Mr. Pichad, the son of senior NCP MLA Madhukar Pichad, is believed to have met with Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis at the latter’s home ‘Varsha’ in Mumbai on Wednesday evening.The developments take place a week after Mr. Patil had confidently claimed that several legislators from the opposition NCP and the Congress were in contact with the BJP. Mr. Patil had also said that the opposition camp would witness a spate of resignations in the coming week.
DefinitionTravelers diarrhea is loose, watery stools. People can get travelers diarrhea when they visit places where the water is not clean or the food is not handled safely. This can include third-world or developing countries in Latin America, Africa, the Middle East, and Asia.This article tells you what you should eat or drink if you have travelers diarrhea.Alternative NamesDiet – travelers diarrhea; Diarrhea – travelers – dietFunctionBacteria and other substances in the water and food can cause travelers diarrhea. People who live these areas dont often get sick because their bodies are used to the bacteria.You can lower your risk for getting travelers diarrhea by avoiding water, ice, and food that may be contaminated. The goal of the travelers diarrhea diet is to make your symptoms better and prevent you from getting dehydrated.Side EffectsTravelers diarrhea is rarely dangerous in adults. It can be more serious in children.RecommendationsHow to prevent travelers diarrhea:WATER AND OTHER DRINKSDo not use tap water to drink or brush your teeth.Do not use ice made from tap water.Use only boiled water (boiled for at least 5 minutes) for mixing baby formula.For infants, breastfeeding is the best and safest food source. However, the stress of traveling may reduce the amount of milk you make.Drink only pasteurized milk.Drink bottled drinks if the seal on the bottle hasnt been broken.Sodas and hot drinks are usually safe.FOODDo not eat raw fruits and vegetables unless you peel them. Wash all fruits and vegetables before eating them.Do not eat raw leafy vegetables (e.g. lettuce, spinach, cabbage) because they are hard to clean.Do not eat raw or rare meats.Avoid shellfish.Do not buy food from street vendors.Eat hot, well-cooked foods. Heat kills the bacteria. But do not eat hot foods that have been sitting around for a long time.WASHINGadvertisementWash hands often.Watch children carefully so they do not put things in their mouths or touch dirty items and then put their hands in their mouths.If possible, keep infants from crawling on dirty floors.Check to see that utensils and dishes are clean.There is no vaccine against travelers diarrhea.Your doctor may recommend medicines to help lower your chances of getting sick.Taking two tablets of Pepto-Bismol four times a day before you travel and while you are traveling can help prevent diarrhea. Do not take Pepto-Bismol for more than 3 weeks.Most people do not need to take antibiotics every day to prevent diarrhea while traveling.People who are at risk for more dangerous infections (because chronic bowel diseases, kidney disease, cancer, diabetes, or HIV) should talk to their doctor before traveling.A prescription medicine called rifaximin can also help prevent travelers diarrhea. Ask your doctor if this medicine is right for you.If you have diarrhea, follow these tips to help you feel better:Drink 8 to 10 glasses of clear fluids every day. Water or an oral rehydration solution is best.Drink at least 1 cup of liquid every time you have a loose bowel movement.Eat small meals every few hours instead of three big meals.Eat some salty foods, such as pretzels, soup, and sports drinks.Eat foods that are high in potassium, such as bananas, potatoes without the skin, and fruit juices.Dehydration means your body does not have as much water and fluids as it should. It is a very big problem for children or people who are in a hot climate. Signs of severe dehydration include:Decreased urine (fewer wet diapers in infants)Dry mouthSunken eyesFew tears when cryingGive your child fluids for the first 4 – 6 hours. At first, try 1 ounce (2 tablespoons) of fluid every 30 to 60 minutes.You can use an over-the-counter drink, such as Pedialyte or Infalyte. Do not add water to these drinks.You can also try Pedialyte popsicles.Fruit juice or broth with water added to it may also help. These drinks can give your child important minerals that are being lost in the diarrhea.If you are breastfeeding your infant, keep doing it. If you are using formula, use it at half-strength for two to three feedings after the diarrhea starts. Then you can begin regular formula feedings.In developing countries, many health agencies stock packets of salts to mix with water. If these fluids are not available, you can make an emergency solution by mixing:1/2 teaspoon of salt2 tablespoons sugar or rice powder1/4 teaspoon potassium chloride (salt substitute)1/2 teaspoon trisodium citrate (can be replaced with baking soda)1 liter of clean waterGet medical help right away if you or your child has symptoms of severe dehydration, or if you have a fever or bloody stools.advertisementReferencesArguin P. Approach to the patient before and after travel. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 294.Basnyat B, Ericsson CD. Travel medicine. In: Auerbach PS, ed. Wilderness Medicine. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2011:chap 84.Review Date:2/9/2014Reviewed By:Daniel Levy, MD, PhD, Infectious Diseases, Lutherville Personal Physicians, Lutherville, MD. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
If 13 consecutive Tests back home and India playing their 500th Test and Ravichandran Ashwin becoming the second fastest bowler to reach 200 wickets were not enough, there seems to be another historic and significant landmark waiting for Indian cricket when they take on New Zealand at the Eden Gardens from September 30. Last week, the hosts thrashed the Kiwi’s by a huge margin of 197 runs in the first Test at Kanpur. This week, India will play their 250th Test match at home to mark another significant event in the country’s 84 year Test cricket history.Over the years India have produced many talented cricketers who have made an impact on the game and won the country many crucial matches both with the bat and ball.India’s cricket crazy fans have watched and cheered for many of their stars when they have piled on the runs or ran through the opposition batting line-ups back home or abroad but two people have led the way both abroad and back home: Sachin Tendulkar and Anil Kumble.MASTER BLASTERIn India as many say, “Cricket is religion” and if it is indeed so, a little man from Dadar, Mumbai, who goes by the name of Sachin Tnedulkar, has to be God. Tendulkar has been worshiped throughout his career by the Indian fans and you get to see that when you see Sudhir Kumar Chaudhary, a man with his body painted in the Indian flag and Tendulkar’s name written on it is seen everywhere, where the legendary batsman has been.advertisementTendulkar has scored 15,921 runs in 200 Test matches at an average of 53.78. (Reuters Photo)The former India captain’s achievements in Test cricket are phenomenal. He has scored 15,921 runs in 200 Test matches at an average of 53.78 overall which included 51 centuries. Out of the 200 Tests he played, 94 of them have been on home soil where he managed a staggering 7,216 runs with an average of 52.67 and 22 centuries. He is the highest ever run-getter by an Indian batsman in Tests at home and also abroad where he racked up 8,075 runs.Tendulkar is followed by Rahul Dravid, Sunil Gavaskar, Virender Sehwag and VVS Laxman, who make the top five run-getters in home soil. While ‘The Wall’ managed 5,598 runs in 70 mathes at home, the original ‘Little Master’ is third in the list with 5,067 runs from 65 matches. Sehwag and Laxman are sitting fourth and fifth in the list. The Nawab of Najafgarh managed to score 4,656 runs from 52 Tests and the ‘Very Very Special’ Laxman raked up 3,767 runs in 57 Tests at home.Tendulkar also leads the pack with the most amount of centuries at home with 22 where he is followed by Gavaskar (16), Dravid (15), Sehwag (13) and one of India’s finest and perhaps the most controversial captain in Mohammad Azharuddin who managed to get 13 centuries in 46 Test matches at home, also making 3,412 runs in the process at an average of 55.93, which also happens to be the highest average by an Indian batsman at home.JUMBOWhile Tendulkar leads the way in the batting charts, the current India coach Anil Kumble heads the list as the best bowler at home. Kumble with his ability to get sharp turn and bounce terrorised the batsmen right from the very onset. Ask the Pakistan team which played the second Test of the India Pakistan series in 1998-99 at the Feroz Shah Kotla, the Karnataka spinner spun a web around the Pakistani batsmen picking up all the ten wickets in the second innings, returning with figures of 10/74. It is still the best bowling performance by any Indian bowler. He also became the second bowler to achieve that feat in the history of Test cricket with Jim Laker of Australia being the first back in 1956 against England when he picked up 10/53 in the 4th Test of the Ashes series at Old Trafford.Anil Kumble has picked up 350 of his 619 wickets at home. (Reuters Photo)Kumble has picked up 350 of his 619 wickets at home where he has played 63 of his 132 Test matches. While Kumble managed to extract vicious bounce if not spin outside the sub-continent, he was unplayable back home where he constantly extracted turn and bounce from the pitch. He has an impressive average of 24.88 back home with 25 five-wicket hauls in an innings and seven ten-wicket hauls in a match played at home.Kumble is followed by his spin partner Harbhajan Singh, the only pacer in the top five wicket takers in the list Kapil Dev, BS Chandrasekhar and the left arm spinner Bishan Singh Bedi. Bhajji managed 265 wickets from 55 Tests at home with an average of 28.76 while Chandrasekhar and Bedi managed to get 142 and 137 wickets from 32 and 30 Tests at home with an average of 27.69 and 23.99 respectively. However, in this spin dominated card, Kapil Dev stands out. Perhaps, the greatest fast bowling all-rounder India has ever produced, Kapil has managed to pick up 219 wickets from 65 Test matches at an average of 26.49, making him the third most successful Indian bowler at home.advertisementKumble also leads the highest number of fifers in an innings. He is followed by Bhajji (18), Ashwin (14), Kapil (11) and Bedi (8) for the highest number of fifers by an Indian bowler in India.While Kumble has managed seven 10 wicket hauls in a match, the likes of Ashwin (4), Harbhajan (4), Kapil (4) and Maninder Singh (2) follow him in the list.However, Ashwin is expected to overtake the current India coach soon. He already has 14 fifers in an innings and four 10 wicket hauls in a match. The Tamil Nadu off-spinner averages a very impressive 21.04 and has picked up 136 of his 203 wickets at home as well. With 12 Test matches still to go, R Ashwin is all likely to topple the bowling legend if he keeps up his impressive form.Indian batsmen with most runs at home Runs Matches Average 100s Sachin Tendulkar 7216 94 52.67 22 Rahul Dravid 5598 70 51.35 15 Sunil Gavaskar 5067 65 50.16 16 Virender Sehwag 4656 52 54.13 13 VVS Laxman 3767 57 51.60 8 Dilip Vengsarkar 3725 54 55.59 13 Gundappa Viswanath 3502 48 47.32 10 Mohammad Azharuddin 3412 46 55.93 13 Sourav Ganguly 3180 50 42.97 8 Kapil Dev 2810 65 36.97 5 Indian batsmen with most 100s at home 100s Matches Runs Average Sachin Tendulkar 22 94 7216 52.67 Sunil Gavaskar 16 65 5067 50.16 Rahul Dravid 15 70 5598 51.35 Mohammad Azharuddin 13 46 3412 55.93 Virender Sehwag 13 52 4656 54.13 Dilip Vengsarkar 13 54 3725 55.59 Gundappa Viswanath 10 48 3502 47.32 Sourav Ganguly 8 50 3180 42.97 VVS Laxman 8 57 3767 51.6 Polly Umrigar 7 36 2082 43.37 Indian bowlers with most wickets at home Matches Wickets Average 5I 10M Anil Kumble 63 350 24.88 25 7 Harbhajan Singh 55 265 28.76 18 4 Kapil Dev 65 219 26.49 11 2 BS Chandrasekhar 32 142 27.69 8 1 Bishan Bedi 30 137 23.99 8 0 R Ashwin 20 136 21.04 14 4 Javagal Srinath 32 108 26.61 5 1 Zaheer Khan 38 104 35.87 3 0 MH Mankad 23 103 26.53 4 2 Pragyan Ojha 20 101 27.51 7 1 Indian bowlers with most 5-wicket innings hauls at home 5I Matches Wickets Average Anil Kumble 25 63 350 24.88 Harbhajan Singh 18 55 265 28.76 R Ashwin 14 20 136 21.04 Kapil Dev 11 65 219 26.49 Bishan Bedi 8 30 137 23.99 BS Chandrasekhar 8 32 142 27.69 Pragyan Ojha 7 20 101 27.51 Subhash Gupte 6 21 84 30.34 EAS Prasanna 5 22 95 26.94 Venkatpathy Raju 5 16 71 24.00 Javagal Srinath 5 32 108 26.61 Indian bowlers with most 10-wicket match hauls at home 10M Matches Wickets Average Anil Kumble 7 63 350 24.88 R Ashwin 4 20 136 21.04 Harbhajan Singh 4 55 265 28.76 Kapil Dev 2 65 219 26.49 Maninder Singh 2 18 62 30.61 MH Mankad 2 23 103 26.53 Indian captains with most wins at home Matches Won Lost Drawn Win% MS Dhoni 30 21 3 6 70.00 Azharuddin 20 13 4 3 65.00 Sourav Ganguly 21 10 3 8 47.62 Sunil Gavaskar 29 7 2 20 24.14 Tiger Pataudi 27 6 9 12 22.22 Virat Kohli 5 4 0 1 80.00 Sachin Tendulkar 12 4 3 5 33.33 Bishan Bedi 8 3 3 2 37.50 Rahul Dravid 8 3 2 3 37.50