Are Earthquakes Increasing?

first_imgThe recent rash of deadly earthquakes has many people asking: is this unusual?  Have the frequency and intensity of earthquakes been increasing in recent years?  Geologists secular and theistic have weighed in on the question.    Two reporters at Live Science (Live Science #1 and Live Science #2) took up the issue and quoted geologists who concluded that the long-term pattern is random.  Richard Kerr for Science Magazine News quoted experts on both sides: some who see the trend as unusual, some who see it as random.    There’s no question that the recent series of megaquakes (Japan, Indonesia, New Zealand, Chile) has been a cluster.  But there have been other clusters of great quakes, notably a series from 1952 to 1964.  We’ve only been measuring earthquake magnitudes for about 100 years, so scientists do not have a long enough record to fully establish the random hypothesis.    It takes many trials to get reliable statistics.  That’s why Richard Kerr titled his article, “More Megaquakes on the Way?  That Depends on Your Statistics.”  What remains to be seen is whether one great quake can trigger others across the globe.  Some geologists are preparing models to see if future quakes will confirm or disconfirm the random hypothesis as opposed to the trigger hypothesis.    Steve Austin, a prominent creationist geologist, has also written on the subject (see article on ICR).  He included more long-term data from historical reports and agreed that the perception of increasing numbers of earthquakes in recent years is an illusion: “Since good seismographs went into operation late in the 1890’s, no steady trend suggesting increased frequency or intensity has been demonstrated.”  Other factors contribute to the illusion: rapid reporting, larger populations in urban centers, and consequent greater damage and loss of life.    Noting that Jesus had prophesied “There will be earthquakes in divers places” as the “beginning of birth pangs” of his coming (Matthew 24:7; Mark 13:8), Austin said it is not necessary to interpret the metaphor as an increase in frequency and intensity, but as something erratic and unpredictable: “Global seismic activity is very non-uniform in time; it is like waiting for birth pangs.” Christians need to be good statisticians and not jump to conclusions.  The megaquakes in Japan, Indonesia, and Chile, and others in New Zealand, Haiti and elsewhere in recent years are disturbing, but inconclusive as to whether they are unusual in the long term.  Remember, too, that one moderate earthquake in a densely-populated, unprepared country like Haiti can create far worse damage than several megaquakes in remote regions.  The perception of an apocalyptic rise in earthquakes can be fanned by rapid, eyewitness reports, as seen in Haiti and Japan.    Perhaps a cluster of great earthquakes will accompany the other signs Jesus described, such as wars and rumors of wars and famines – “See that you are not alarmed, for this must take place, but the end is not yet,” Jesus said, instructing his disciples not to conclude His coming was imminent; “All these are but the beginning of the birth pains.”  Remember that the beginning of birth pains are infrequent, and that a day to the Lord is as a thousand years.  Wars, famines and earthquakes have been ongoing since His death and resurrection.    Jesus continued by describing what else would precede His coming: worldwide persecution of His disciples, a great “falling away” of nominal believers, hatred, lawlessness, and false prophets.  But only at the imminent time of His appearing would there be specific signs, like the “abomination of desolation” in the Temple.  And His actual coming would be accompanied by great signs in the heavens – signs so clear as to remove all doubt.  The book of Revelation further describes great earthquakes as part of the judgment leading up to His return.    Parts of Jesus’ Olivet Discourse shortly before His crucifixion (Matthew 24, Mark 13), in answer to His disciples’ question about signs of the end of the age, are warnings not to try predict the day of His coming, because “no one knows the day or the hour”.  Just like the days of Noah or of Lot, He said, nobody expected the sudden destruction that was imminent.  It is wise to avoid rash conclusions from a few earthquakes, yet also to weigh the sum total of the signs all the Biblical prophets mentioned.  Those who stay awake and faithful will not be completely surprised at that day, like the uniformitarians will be (2 Peter 3).(Visited 14 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

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Gagan shows his shooting prowess in men’s 10m air rifle event

first_imgThe mother of all shooting duels at the Karni Singh Shooting Range here didn’t really materialise on expected lines as Gagan Narang stormed his way to a gold medal in the men’s 10m air rifle singles event, leaving Olympic gold medallist Abhinav Bindra in his wake on Wednesday.Anisa Sayyed and Rahi Sarnobat repeated the gold-silver feat of their much more illustrious counterparts in the women’s 25m sports pistol event, while Omkar Singh brought India its third gold medal of the day in the men’s 50m free pistol event.In between, favourites Ronjan Sodhi and Asher Noria slipped up and had to settle for silver behind England in the first shotgun event – the men’s double trap pairs. Narang shot 600/600 in the qualification round, which would have equalled his own world record, and then went on to score 103.6 points in the final to surpass his world record score of 703.5 established at the World Cup Finals in Bangkok in 2008.However, the new score is not expected to count as an official world record since, according to International Shooting Sports Federation rules, they can only be shot in Olympic Games, ISSF World Cups and World Championships, continental championships and continental games. The ISSF technical delegate at the competition said he would clarify the position with the top brass of the world body. But for Narang, it did not make an iota of difference, since the joy of beating his celebrated teammate and rival was overwhelming. As soon as he fired a 10.2 on his last shot, Bindra – who shot 103 in the final – came over to shake his hand, after which Narang lifted his rifle into the air and then kissed it. Narang played down the rivalry, saying their relationship was symbiotic. “When I was trying to get into shooting, I kept hearing a lot about Abhinav, who was already there.advertisementThere is a lot we can learn from each other. As for today, it feels special to shoot a 600 because it is a score you can’t shoot every day,” said the 27-year-old Hyderabadi. Bindra, meanwhile, feels Narang can replace him as an Olympic champion. “He is outstanding, one of the best in the world. I am sure he’ll win more international tournaments, the World Championship and an Olympic gold medal,” the 28-year-old said. On the other hand, Anisa broke the Final Games Record of 781.5 by shooting 786.8 to comfortably outclass the rest of the field.The 29-year-old led the field in the qualification round with 583 points, before coming up with a remarkable 203.8 in the final for the gold. Rahi, who specialises in the duelling round that makes up the final, was four points adrift of Malaysia’s Pei Chin Bibiana Ng heading into the decider, but shot a mind-boggling 205 to clinch silver. In the final event of the day, Omkar, who was trailing Singapore’s Bin Gai by just one point going into the final, shot six 10-plus scores en route to a score of 653.6 to emerge four points clear. Hon Swee Lim, also of Singapore, took bronze.With such a rich haul, it would be difficult to find disappointment in the Indian ranks, but that’s what affected the double trap shooters. Eighteen-yearold Noria shot a steady 93 in his first senior competition with the national team, but world record-holder Sodhi, who shot down his first 71 birds across two rounds, suffered a meltdown thereafter to end up with a total of 95. English pair Stevan Walton (96) and Steven Scott (93) capitalized on it, setting a new CWG record of 189. Malaysia’s Bejamin Cheng Jie Khor and Seng Chye Khor got the bronze medal. The event was also marked by an interruption where the flash from a photographer’s camera distracted a Singapore shooter. Sodhi, who was next up, was stopped from shooting by the referee in order to rebuke the photographer, and that seemed to distract him. He, however, refused to blame the incident. “If you see my score, I haven’t shot that bad. But I should have done much better with the start I had. I lost my concentration, but I won’t make the excuse of that incident,” Sodhi said-last_img read more

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Hang Out With The Cast Of Its Always Sunny in Philadelphia For

first_imgOmaze and the cast of “It’s Always Sunny in Philadelphia” are teaming up to offer one lucky winner and a friend the chance to be flown into LA to visit the set, hang with the cast, watch an episode of the hit show, and of course, grab a drink at Paddy’s afterwards.It’s Always Sunny in PhiladelphiaAs the show has been deemed part of Entertainment Weekly’s “25 Best Cult TV Shows from the Past 25 Years” and infamously described as “Seinfeld on crack,” it’s no secret that time spent with Charlie (Charlie Day), Dennis (Glenn Howerton), or Frank (Danny DeVito) will be unforgettable.The winner and their friend will learn how “The Gang” came to be, what it takes to launch and star in a hit comedy, and what it’s like to indulge in a little happy hour at an imaginary bar with real people. Roundtrip airfare and hotel arrangements are included, so all that is needed is a love for Los Angeles and a sense of humor (assuming some heroic efforts, wisecrack jokes, and Hawaiian shirts are included on set). The best part about this experience is that every entry helps the Wounded Warrior Project empower veterans recovering from combat wounds.Enter HERE by September 20th for your chance to win!last_img read more

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