By Dialogo April 05, 2010 Spanish director Mateo Gil will bring to the movie screen the early-twentieth-century Bolivian adventures of famous American bandit Butch Cassidy, who will be played by actor Sam Shepard, in a mixture of real events and historical interpretation, the movie’s co-producer, Paolo Agazzi, told AFP. The film Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, starring Paul Newman and Robert Redford, was shot in 1969, but the new film, which will start shooting in mid-April, “is not a second part,” explained Agazzi, the movie’s co-producer and one of the most prominent directors in Bolivian film. The new version will be called Blackthorn, the name Cassidy used in Bolivia, where he arrived after robbing banks in the United States and Argentina and being hunted by the U.S.-based Pinkerton detective agency, Agazzi said. “The movie shows real and fictional events,” according to the co-producer, who affirmed that the film “will be shot 100% in Bolivia, in the cities of La Paz and Potosí and their outskirts, and in the Salar de Uyuni (the largest salt desert in the world), where Cassidy fled to Chile.” In the new cinematographic work, Cassidy succeeds in fleeing from a confrontation with the Bolivian military and spends fifteen years raising horses, under the name of Blackthorn. Sundance, on the other hand, dies early in the first part of the film, after being wounded in the clash with the military. Cassidy then returns to the United States, by way of Chile, where he meets another local outlaw. “A bit of the legendary duo” Cassidy-Kid “gets restored,” Agazzi indicated.
President Evo Morales said that Bolivia will continue negotiating with Chile for sovereign access to the Pacific Ocean, something that it lost in a nineteenth-century war, at the same time that he praised a recent maritime agreement with his Peruvian colleague Alan García. “Negotiations are not negotiated publicly, politically, or in a partisan way; rather, it’s an ongoing task of sensitization. I have a great deal of hope that Bolivia may be able to return to the sea,” the president said during a public event to commemorate the anniversary of the Bolivian Navy. “(I am) almost convinced that in the next few years, there will be new news, good news for the Bolivian people,” the president affirmed, after recalling that there are proposals from “humanist parties, social movements, and legislative authorities” in Chile to respond to the Bolivian demand. Bolivia and Chile, which have lacked diplomatic relations since 1978, have maintained a dialogue at the level of deputy foreign ministers since 2006, on a thirteen-point agenda that includes the issue of access to the Pacific. The Bolivians maintain hope of recovering their country’s maritime component, which they lost in a war in 1879, in which Peru also participated. At the same event, Morales also praised the agreement signed last month with his Peruvian counterpart Alan García, which grants Bolivia usufruct facilities for ninety-nine years in the tourist, trade, industrial, and military areas in the port of Ilo, 1,250 km south of Lima. “To express to President Alan García, his administration, and the Peruvian people, in the name of the Bolivian people, our just recognition. The Bolivian people will never forget this historic, unprecedented step in order that Bolivia, little by little, may return to the sea, may return to the Pacific Ocean,” the president affirmed. By Dialogo November 09, 2010
Peru and the United States are working to strengthen their relations with regard to defense, said Peruvian Minister of Defense Pedro Cateriano, after meeting with the Commander of the U.S. Southern Command, General John F. Kelly at the Government Palace on January 22. “Lately, we have been working relentlessly in order to strengthen the area of defense,” Cateriano said after concluding the meeting in which President Ollanta Humala participated, according to Andina news agency. During the meeting, other subjects related to the fight against terrorism and drug trafficking were addressed, as well as the cooperation in military training. Cateriano announced that a civic action activity will be carried out on May 1 in the city of Talara, in northern Perú, with the participation of the U.S. Armed Forces, to support to the town’s people. The minister reminded the press that President Humala expressed the Peruvian government’s interest in expanding educational exchanges for the Armed Forces, a positive move that would benefit the relations between both countries, he manifested. Likewise, the minister added that Humala wished General Kelly success in his new role, “since the successful development of his mission will be beneficial for all nations that share the defense of freedom and democratic ideals.” By Dialogo January 24, 2013
According to Ecuadorean authorities, Domínguez is one of the leaders of “Los Rastrojos.” He was arrested by the counter drug police, and then transferred to Quito, from where he was taken to Colombia. “Palustre’s capture has resulted from a close collaboration between the Ecuadorean and Colombian police forces. Ecuador will not serve as the base of operations for any criminals,” the Deputy Minister of Interior, Javier Córdova, stated when he announced Domínguez’s deportation to his native country. ‘Palustre’ has been identified as former leader of the group of gunmen for a powerful drug trafficking gang known as the Comba brothers, whose main leaders surrendered to U.S. Justice. By Dialogo August 23, 2013 Drug trafficking organization ‘Los Rastrojos’ strengthened after the disarmament and demobilization of the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC), the main extreme right-wing armed organization in the South American nation. Jorge Domínguez (aka ‘Palustre’), one of the leaders of the right-wing drug trafficking organization known as ‘Los Rastrojos’, was deported by Ecuador’s government on August 21, having been arrested the previous day in the Ecuadorean city of Manta (northwest). ‘Los Rastrojos’ operate in a vast area of south and southwest Colombia, and it is considered the main criminal gang in the country, along with ‘Los Urabeños’, both of which are fighting a bloody turf war over the control of drug trafficking routes.
By Geraldine Cook/Diálogo January 22, 2018 The mission of the Chilean Navy’s Strategic Studies Center (CEDESTRA, in Spanish) is very specific: to conduct research and analyses—principally of a forward-looking nature—related to the Chilean Navy’s strategic areas. Topics like security and defense, military sociology, and international maritime law are some of the lines of investigation the institution spearheads in the area of military studies for more than two decades. The work of CEDESTRA focuses on advising the Navy General Staff to prepare the institution for future scenarios with strategic planning. “It’s an enormous challenge to lead CEDESTRA because of the multiple issues we work on,” said Chilean Navy Vice Admiral (R) Jorge Ibarra Rodríguez, executive director of CEDESTRA. “The challenge is to be an organization that the Chilean Navy can count on for its research in different areas.” Since its creation in 1991, the center moved into various facilities and is now located in Valparaíso, Chile, at the Navy General Staff’s facilities. In addition to the research topics it spearheads, CEDESTRA creates room for discussion, exchange, and knowledge in the areas of security and defense, among other topics. The center CEDESTRA focuses on two specific areas: research and institutional outreach. Research focuses on developing strategic studies on national security and defense, maritime history, military sociology, international maritime law, and maritime interests, among others. Through its institutional outreach, CEDESTRA coordinates activities with academic centers of the Armed Forces of Chile, including the National Academy of Political and Strategic Studies, the Center of Aerospace Strategic Studies, the Chilean Air Force, and the Army General Staff Center for Military Studies and Research. CEDESTRA also implements activities and maintains agreements with public and private universities, and carries out international exchanges with countries throughout the region. CEDESTRA orients its academic tasks according to directives from the Chilean Navy’s strategic development plan, known as the Ocean Directive. The directive allows CEDESTRA to work on its regular research topics and stay open to new research areas such as the politics of inclusion, Antarctica, the environment, etc. Special study areas “Naval history is no longer approached solely from the perspective of naval combat,” said Susana Iduya Guerrero, CEDESTRA historian and researcher. “We currently have a more complete view, including strategic, political, and social points of view.” Naval history is not very developed in Chile, Iduya said, so the fields of naval history and military sociology have become new disciplines. “Military sociology as a discipline is not very common in the military field,” said Chilean Navy Captain (R) Omar Gutiérrez Valdebenito, a specialist in military sociology. “My responsibility is to follow social transformation processes that have an effect on society and how these impact the military institution.” “The social transformations are so innumerable and fast that suddenly it’s hard to say which impacted the Armed Forces most in the past few years in Chile,” Capt. Gutiérrez said. “Maybe the most relevant for the Chilean Navy has been the incorporation of women.” The Chilean Navy counts about 25,000 uniformed personnel, of which 10 percent are women. Women have been a part of the Navy since 1936, when the institution incorporated the first nurses and administrative staff. But it was in 2003, when uniforms were regulated to take into account the distinct insignia for ranks and specialties. According to Capt. Gutiérrez, military sociology studies how naval forces prepared and adapted its organizational culture for the inclusion of women, as well as their performance within military ranks, including life aboard a military ship, participation in combat, and leadership within the organization, among others. “From military sociology, we have the chance to alert the institution with respect to upcoming changes and challenges,” Capt. Gutiérrez concluded.
By Gonzalo Silva Infante/Diálogo April 24, 2018 In mid-March, the Peruvian Navy initiated the first of its 40 social assistance campaigns planned for 2018. The annual humanitarian program, carried out with Navy riverine vessels known as Itinerant Social Action Platforms (PIAS, in Spanish), began March 19th. For the first humanitarian campaign, five PIAS set off for rivers of the Peruvian jungle and the shores of Lake Titicaca to serve more than 200 communities and more than 70,000 people. River hospital crafts BAP Morona, BAP Corrientes, and BAP Curaray joined the effort. In 2018, the ships will provide medical assistance, health programs, nutrition, education, security, and environmental protection, as well as other services to more than 250,000 people in hard-to-reach rural communities in the Amazon jungle and Lake Titicaca. The goal is to promote development and inclusion in remote regions of Peru. “This activity combines three fundamental pillars of the Navy’s work,” said Admiral Gonzalo Ríos Polastri, general commander of the Navy. “[That includes] protection and social inclusion, contributing to development, and security in the broadest sense of the word.” Vital services PIAS cruise Lake Titicaca and rivers of the Amazon like floating hospitals and are equipped with gynecology clinics, labs, operating rooms, dental offices, imaging centers, and pharmacies. Each PIAS has a crew of 20 Navy troops—including doctors, health specialists, and service members—and 20 officials from various participating state organizations such as the National Commission for Development and Life without Drugs, the Ministry of Women and Vulnerable Populations, the National Registry of Identification and Civil Status, and Comprehensive Health Insurance. The platforms provide preventive medicine courses and informational workshops on the prevention of drugs and domestic violence. The townspeople also benefit from government services and can participate in pension and education programs, as well as receive identity documents. “The civic actions of the Navy units were often the only government presence in riverine communities,” Adm. Ríos said. Despite all services carried out in the PIAS, obstetrics remain among the most valued. April 12th marked the first birth of the year aboard one of the Navy ships. Doctors on the PIAS Río Napo, which traveled along a tributary of the Napo River, in the Amazon, treated surgically and cared for the mother, a member of an indigenous community. The newborn received a complete medical exam, immunizations, and other necessary services. In 2017, eight babies were born aboard the PIAS. In addition to its medical and social support, the Navy carries out fundamental work for the development of the institution. Assistance campaigns aboard the PIAS also serve as training for participating service members. “It allows us to work on fostering a national identity. Of course, it’s a given that the campaign enhances the institution’s image. It gives us a presence in remote zones,” Commander Christian Salas Ormeño, chief of the division of Contribution to Development and Disaster Risk Management of the Navy General Staff, told Diálogo. “It also allows us to have personnel and ships enlisted and trained, to watch our borders, monitor our rivers, and develop within a naval and institutional framework. It positions us and gives us more management capacity with the government.” Major project The Navy’s humanitarian experience in the Peruvian Amazon dates back to the 19th century, when the first ships arrived to support rural populations. During the 1970s, the Navy incorporated the first hospital-ship units specialized in medical and dental care. “We realized that we were not changing the reality of these towns,” Cmdr. Salas said. “We then saw that we had to work out a proposal on another level that could really help.” In 2012, the Peruvian Navy’s Amazon Region and Fifth Naval Zone General Operations Command, based in Iquitos, developed a strategic concept of sustainable social action to respond to the needs of rural populations—the itinerant platform was born. The first PIAS campaign took place in 2013 in the Napo River basin. The PIAS Río Yavarí, in the process of being built, will join the five PIAS in service (Río Putumayo I, Río Putumayo II, Río Morona, Río Napo, and Lago Titicaca). The Navy announced the production of six additional PIAS to shore up the humanitarian assistance program. “The idea is for 10 to always be in operation,” Cmdr. Salas said. “We expect to have two in reserve so that 10 are always in operation.” Since 2013, the PIAS carried out 64 social action campaigns and brought assistance to more than 530,000 people. Including goals for 2018, the total number of campaigns will reach 104. “Navy personnel participate in the program with singular pride in serving our Amazon and its inhabitants,” Adm. Ríos concluded. “[And,] because we continue to carry the organized presence of the government, the anticipated completion of the planned platforms will allow us to continue moving forward in the projected coverage of all our rivers.”
By Eduardo Szklarz/Diálogo September 06, 2019 The agreement, announced on July 19, 2019, coincided with U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo’s visit to Buenos Aires to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the attack on the Argentine Jewish Mutual Aid Society (AMIA, in Spanish). The Argentine court seeks to indict Iranian officials for ordering — and Hezbollah for executing — the AMIA attack that killed 85 people and injured more than 300.“The four countries have made a decision to set up a regional security mechanism,” said Argentine Foreign Minister Jorge Faurie at a press conference in Buenos Aires.According to Faurie, the measure will help to coordinate political and diplomatic efforts to counter illicit activities in the region, as well as potential connections to transnational crime and terrorism financing. “This mechanism will be ratified in biannual meetings, with the coordination of the four ministries of foreign affairs and the support of other agencies in our countries that are competent in this field,” he said.Security analysts praised the initiative. “This counter-terrorist partnership is very important, since Latin America isn’t free of terrorism”, Luis Fleischman, sociology professor at Palm Beach State College in Florida and consultant at the Center for Security Policy in Washington, D.C., told Diálogo.“A group linked to the Islamic State was dismantled in Brazil. Hezbollah maintains a presence in Venezuela, and their supporters have been found in several countries in the region, including Peru and the Guyanas, with intentions to commit terrorist acts”, said Fleischman.Argentina freezes Hezbollah assetsArgentina’s Financial Information Unit (UIF, in Spanish) ordered a freeze on the assets of Hezbollah and its leaders on July 18, after officially designating the organization a “terrorist group.” UIF said that Hezbollah had been designated a terrorist organization by many states, including Australia, Canada, Israel, the Netherlands, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States, as well as the European Union.“These designations clearly show that Hezbollah has been responsible for committing numerous terrorist attacks worldwide,” Mariano Federici, UIF president, told Diálogo. “Today, Hezbollah continues to be a threat for national security and for the integrity of the financial and economic order in Argentina.”Registry of terrorist organizationsAs part of its commitment against terrorism, the Argentine government also implemented the Public Registry of People and Entities Linked to Terrorism and Financing. This database, created by a decree Argentine president Mauricio Macri issued on July 16, seeks to “prevent, counter, and eradicate terrorism and its financing,” according to Article 24.The list designates Hezbollah and its leaders. Among these are Hasan Nasrallah, the group’s secretary general; Hashem Safieddine, executive officer; Naim Qasim, deputy secretary general; and Samuel Salman el Reda, a member of the Hezbollah External Security Organization, who is accused of direct involvement in the AMIA attack.“Hezbollah might be assisting the Venezuelan government of Nicolás Maduro with paramilitary assault troops, in addition to having strong bonds with narcotrafficking,” said Fleischman. “We expect countries like Chile to join this regional pact, since some Islamic extremists operate in the Andean country as well.”
By Lorena Baires/Diálogo August 12, 2020 The U.S. government donated a Boston Whaler speedboat to the Salvadoran Navy’s Trident Naval Task Force (FTNT, in Spanish) to strengthen border security and drug interception operations in the Pacific Ocean, the U.S. Embassy in El Salvador said in a statement on June 18. The donation is worth $1.5 million and includes logistics and maintenance training.“We use these units to fight narcotrafficking; they deliver excellent results in maritime interdiction operations,” Captain Exón Oswaldo Ascencio Albeño, head of the Salvadoran Navy General Staff, told Diálogo on July 13. “We received eight of them in previous years, and the FTNT uses them in our territorial sea.”The FTNT began in 2015 as an elite counternarcotics force, “and over the years, it has forced narcotrafficking rings to travel out of the Salvadoran 200-mile territorial sea,” Salvadoran Navy Lieutenant Misael Vanegas, FTNT commander, told Diálogo on July 15.“The Task Force consists of seamen and marines. Just before the pandemic started, in February, we had the opportunity to train with the U.S. Marine Corps at La Unión [department] Naval Base, and to do another training with the [U.S.] Military Group El Salvador to form leaders for small naval units,” Capt. Ascencio said. “The latter is aimed at officers and noncommissioned officers from Trident, and it helped prepare commanders of naval units to lead their crews during maritime interdiction operations.”Since 2011, the U.S. government, through the Department of Defense and U.S. Southern Command, has been offering support to the Salvadoran government in the fight against narcotrafficking in the Central American region. Since then, the Department of Defense has donated 37-foot long Boston Whaler vessels, night vision equipment, J8 Jeeps, and Harris radios and communications equipment, the U.S. Embassy said.
February 1, 2002 Gary Blankenship Senior Editor Regular News State court system undergoes zero-based budget review State court system undergoes zero-based budget review Senior EditorAre five full-time positions really needed to help run Florida’s mediator certification program? Can 30 percent be cut out of the $1.4 million for judicial travel? How about from the $350,000 or so earmarked for “executive travel” in the judicial budget? And does the Office of the State Courts Administrator really need two deputy administrators?The state court system survived those questions in a zero-based budget review conducted by a joint legislative panel last month. The Joint Legislative Budget Commission finished its review of the judiciary, and some related agencies, with a series of subcommittee and committee meetings on January 7-10.When it was over, little had been recommended for OSCA, which got much of the scrutiny. The committee recommended that the agency provide more details about its travel requests and asked that new State Courts Administrator Robin Lubitz, who was scheduled to begin work a few days later, review OSCA’s administrative structure.“Let’s let the new man who’s reporting for work give it a look and hear back from him on whether we have the proper organizational layout for OSCA,” said Rep Randy Ball, R-Titusville, chair of the Zero-Based Budgeting Subcommittee on Public Safety.The initial questioning of the subcommittee left some members wondering what the panel was really trying to achieve.Sen. Skip Campbell, D-Tamarac, said he supports zero-based budgeting but wanted to see specific instances where the committee could cut waste instead of asking general questions about whether certain percentages could be cut from various budget lines. As an example, he cited the travel budget, and he added that travel for judges, especially for education seminars, is essential.“If you’re running a business, you don’t take your travel budget and say, ‘We’re going to cut 20 percent,’ if, in fact, you need 100 percent to run the business,” Campbell said. “I want someone to come in and say we’re not running at 100-percent efficiency, and I’m not seeing that tonight.”Sen. Anna Cowin, R-Leesburg, agreed, noting the legislature just cut the judiciary’s budget in the December special session.“Let’s look to what is really not working, what’s inefficient. Show us proof this is not working, show this can be done another way cheaper,” she said.“The testimony that I’ve been hearing just seems to be trying to get a dollar figure, to cut a dollar figure.. . . Let the dust settle [from the budget cuts] before we come into all these areas.”But Sen. Victor Crist, R-Tampa, said the purpose of the zero-based review was to “shake the trees.”“I view this exercise as a shaking of the tree, as going through looking at these various areas and seeing something that could be out of line, to shake that tree and have the agency come forward and justify that program,” he said. “Unless we shake that tree, we don’t know what will fall out.”And Ball said it was a little more difficult with the judicial budget because the accounting methods differed from other state programs that had been reviewed.Much of the questioning focused on whether the five full-time positions in the mediator certification program could be reduced or eliminated. That led to an impassioned defense by Seventh Circuit Court Judge Shawn Briese, chair of the Supreme Court’s Committee on Alternative Dispute Resolution Rules and a former chair of the committee on mediation and arbitration training. He said the employees verify that the private companies that do most of the circuit mediator training are meeting the court’s standards, do all of the training for the volunteer county court mediators, do the staff work when complaints are filed against mediators, assist the court committees that oversee certification and certification training, and many other tasks that are essential to the successful operation of the mediation program.“The five [employees] are the most effective and efficient staff I’ve had the privilege of dealing with in my professional and volunteer life,” Briese said.Other questions dealt with the travel budget, whether OSCA needed two deputy administrators, and whether the OSCA budget could be reduced since all circuits have their own administrative staffs.Chief Justice Charles Wells, among others, answered those questions.“We in Florida have a statewide court system, and it is absolutely necessary in a statewide court system to have some statewide administration,” Wells said. “We cannot assure that we can have a drug court program that is going to work. . . without some kind of support that brings those people together and helps develop that system.”He added the same is true for dependency courts and the unified family court system that is being worked on.“We ought to be able to bring all of those people together so in a uniform way we have the courts deal with all the problems people bring to a court. To do that sensibly, we have to do that on a statewide basis,” Wells said.He said OSCA has two deputy administrators because one, Lisa Goodner, oversees the budgeting and financial operations, and the other, Dee Beranek, oversees the attorneys on the staff and the support functions for the various court committees.Campbell noted that Beranek also functions as the Supreme Court’s general counsel, and if her position were eliminated, the court would have to ask the legislature for money to hire a designated general counsel — probably at a higher salary.The subcommittee’s review touched several other parts of the legal system.For example, it discussed but dropped consideration of charging costs to judges disciplined by the Judicial Qualifications Commission and the Supreme Court. Campbell noted if the state charged costs to disciplined judges, the state would have to pay costs to judges who were investigated and cleared.The subcommittee also agreed with First District Court of Appeal Judge and JQC Chair James Wolf that the commission does not need an on-staff general counsel, which would increase the JQC’s costs. Wolf said the commission has had excellent experience getting top-line attorneys to handle its cases.Capital Collateral Regional Counsel Offices were scrutinized, and the subcommittee recommended that the southern and northern regions follow the example of the middle region in scanning large quantities of records to make retrieval easier.The subcommittee also recommended a study to see if the use and practices of “registry” attorneys — hired when a CCRC has a conflict or too many cases — are as efficient as possible. Another suggested study will examine whether it would be cheaper to do away with the CCRC offices and directly hire private attorneys. Committee members noted the present system costs about $39,000 annually for each death row inmate.The reports from all of the zero-based subcommittees were accepted without change by the joint budget committee on January 10.“I feel very positive about the final outcome,” Goodner said after the committee acted, adding the courts and OSCA can point to the documents as proof they are operating efficiently.
Shea elected FAWL president Shea elected FAWL president September 1, 2002 Regular News The Florida Association for Women Lawyers recently installed Siobhan H. Shea as president at its recent annual meeting in Boca Raton.At her installation, Shea expressed her appreciation for the honor of serving as FAWL president during FAWL’s 52 years “as a leader in the promotion of equality in the justice system.”Shea practices appellate law in West Palm Beach and is a past recipient of the Florida Bar Pro Bono Service Award and the American Immigration Lawyers’ Association Human Rights Award. Shea serves on the executive council of the Appellate Practice Section and as president of B’nai B’rith’s Palm Beach Justice Unit. She is a past president of Palm Beach County’s FAWL chapter.FAWL installed Dinita L. James of Tampa as president-elect.Other FAWL officers include Deborah Magid of Miami, secretary; Mary Kaye Wimsett of Gainesville, treasurer; Juliette Koves of Orlando, treasurer-elect; Carolyn C. Coukos of Naples, public relations director; Vene M. Hamilton of Pembroke Pines, journal editor; and Frances Grace Cooper of Sarasota, membership director.