Copyright 2013 Phys.org All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of Phys.org. “Since GR is very accurate in the laboratory and the solar system (regions in which the density is much higher than the cosmic mean), any fifth force must be ‘screened’ at high densities. The symmetron mechanism is one way to screen fifth forces.”In theory, a symmetron field will mediate a fifth force when its symmetry is broken, which requires a low-density vacuum. In this broken-symmetry phase, the symmetron couples to matter with a certain matter coupling energy. Here, Upadhye investigated the scenario where the matter coupling energy is 1 TeV and the symmetron mass is 10-3 eV. Then he solved the symmetron equations of motion to estimate constraints on the symmetron. Mathematicians offer unified theory of dark matter, dark energy, altering Einstein field equations This symmetron field regime, where the matter coupling energy is 1 TeV, is not only of interest due to its potential to be tested. This energy is also possibly associated with physics beyond the standard model. If this is true, experiments may reveal new effects that indicate new physics. One such experiment is the Eöt-Wash torsion pendulum experiment being carried out by scientists at the University of Washington in Seattle. Upadhye’s calculations allowed him to predict the torque signal that the symmetron would produce in an Eöt-Wash experiment.”It turns out that Eöt-Wash just happens to probe an interesting range of parameters because they have targeted the experiment at the right range of distances,” he said. “Fifth force screening mechanisms are not perfect, so there are residual fifth forces which can be detected by sufficiently sensitive experiments probing the right distances. My paper approximated these residual fifth forces and showed that Eöt-Wash excludes a substantial portion of them.”In this experiment, the presence of a fifth force would cause a metal disk to rotate in such a way as to align with a second metal disk.”Eöt-Wash uses a pair of metal disks with the same pattern of holes in each one,” Upadhye said. “The upper disk is suspended from a wire, allowing it to rotate freely, while the lower disk is rotated at a uniform rate. Fifth forces would cause the upper disk to rotate so as to align its pattern of holes with that on the lower disk. So, by looking for small torques on the upper disk leading to torsional oscillation, Eöt-Wash can search for fifth forces. The experiment can be repeated over a range of separations between upper and lower disks, allowing them to determine the rate at which fifth forces decrease with distance. Since this experiment has been designed to study distances as low as 50 microns, it is very useful for testing fifth forces due to dark energy.”Last December, Upadhye visited the Eöt-Wash group, and the researchers were very interested in testing new dark energy theories. Currently they are designing a new torsion pendulum experiment which should be substantially more sensitive to fifth forces. Upadhye plans to work further on his calculations to allow for more accurate testing.”An approximate treatment such as that in my symmetrons paper is useful for forecasting constraints, but in order to analyze the real data from the upcoming Eöt-Wash experiment, I plan to do more accurate computations of these fifth forces,” Upadhye said. “Several years ago I did such a computation for chameleon fifth forces. I plan to speed up that calculation as well as extend it to symmetron fifth forces. Using the extensive computational resources available here at Argonne, I will analyze Eöt-Wash data and test these dark energy theories.” The Eöt-Wash experiment may test for Upadhye’s predicted torque signal due to the symmetron field. A fifth force could be measured in the submillimeter distance between the two disks. (Left) An illustration of an older model and (right) a photo of a newer instrument. Credit: The Eöt-Wash Group at the University of Washington (Phys.org)—A field that permeates the universe and gives rise to a new force, or “fifth force,” between massive objects may be a candidate for dark energy and an explanation for why the expansion of the universe is accelerating. This field, called the symmetron field, is so named because it has a symmetry in regions of high density, while in regions of low density, such as a vacuum, the symmetry is broken and the field mediates the new force. More information: Amol Upadhye. “Symmetron Dark Energy in Laboratory Experiments.” PRL 110, 031301 (2013). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.031301 Citation: Can dark energy be explained by symmetrons? (2013, January 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-01-dark-energy-symmetrons.html Explore further Estimated constraints on symmetron dark energy, a new model in which fifth forces between massive objects play a role in accelerating the universe’s expansion. Credit: Upadhye. ©2012 American Physical Society Currently, the symmetron concept is purely theoretical. But in a new study, physicist Amol Upadhye at Argonne National Laboratory in Argonne, Illinois, has calculated that a previously unexplored symmetron regime near the dark energy scale will give rise to a fifth force at submillimeter distances. He proposes that short-range gravity experiments can search for the fifth force at these distances and possibly reveal if dark energy is in fact a symmetron field.”Much of my work has focused on chameleon dark energy theories, and I really only started thinking about symmetrons last summer,” Upadhye told Phys.org. “Modern experimental techniques and technologies have advanced enough to search for new physics at distances of interest for dark energy theories.”As Upadhye explained, a symmetron field could fulfill the role of dark energy by acting as a negative pressure.”Dark energy in general can be described by a constant (or slowly varying) vacuum energy density, such as that due to a field whose potential is minimized at a small, positive value,” he said. “In the presence of such an energy density, Einstein’s equation of General Relativity (GR) predicts that the universe will expand at an accelerating rate. In GR, pressure gravitates; positive pressures contribute to the decelerating expansion of the universe. Dark energy acts as a negative pressure which leads to an accelerating expansion.”The simplest model of a dark energy is Einstein’s cosmological constant, a constant vacuum energy density which explains all available data. The big question in cosmology is whether or not the dark energy is just a cosmological constant. Alternative theories predict that the vacuum energy density evolves with time, or that new (‘fifth’) forces exist between known particles. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
© 2014 Phys.org A team of researchers looking for oil and gas deposits beneath the seafloor off the western coast of southern Africa has found four large “fish-falls” on the seabed: the carcasses of one whale shark and three mobulid rays. Finding vertebrate carcasses on the seafloor is quite rare, ocean scientists Nicholas Higgs, Andrew Gates and Daniel Jones report in their paper on the discovery published in PLoS ONE—the “graveyard” offers a unique opportunity to learn more about how the death of large sea creatures and the food they provide to other smaller creatures impacts marine life in general. Still images showing each of the observed carcasses. A Whale shark (Rhincodon typus); B Mobulid carcass 1; C Mobulid carcass 2; D Mobulid Carcass 3. Images have been enhanced. Credit: PLoS ONE, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0096016.g002 Citation: Oil searchers discover and record deep-sea graveyard off Angola coast (2014, May 16) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-05-oil-searchers-deep-sea-graveyard-angola.html Antarctica’s first whale skeleton found with nine new deep-sea species To date, just nine vertebrate carcasses have ever been found and studied on the deep ocean floor—this recent discovery pushes that number to thirteen. Such carcass remains are categorized by “fall” type. These four were all fish falls, other’s such as whale falls generally attract more attention.Recorded along with the carcasses were scavengers that had arrived at the scene to feast on the large creatures’ remains. The researchers note that quite often the first to arrive at a fall of any sort are sharks, though they rarely consume what has been found. Next to find the carcasses are usually crabs and amphipods and at some point osedax that feed on the bones. In the footage the researchers were able to see large numbers of fish surrounding the carcasses, the majority of which were eel pouts, which don’t eat carcass remains, but instead feed on other fish that do. The researchers noted that no evidence of osedax were present which suggested that the carcasses hadn’t been on the sea floor very long, perhaps just a month or two. Explore further Journal information: PLoS ONE More information: Higgs ND, Gates AR, Jones DOB (2014) Fish Food in the Deep Sea: Revisiting the Role of Large Food-Falls. PLoS ONE 9(5): e96016. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0096016AbstractThe carcasses of large pelagic vertebrates that sink to the seafloor represent a bounty of food to the deep-sea benthos, but natural food-falls have been rarely observed. Here were report on the first observations of three large ‘fish-falls’ on the deep-sea floor: a whale shark (Rhincodon typus) and three mobulid rays (genus Mobula). These observations come from industrial remotely operated vehicle video surveys of the seafloor on the Angola continental margin. The carcasses supported moderate communities of scavenging fish (up to 50 individuals per carcass), mostly from the family Zoarcidae, which appeared to be resident on or around the remains. Based on a global dataset of scavenging rates, we estimate that the elasmobranch carcasses provided food for mobile scavengers over extended time periods from weeks to months. No evidence of whale-fall type communities was observed on or around the carcasses, with the exception of putative sulphide-oxidising bacterial mats that outlined one of the mobulid carcasses. Using best estimates of carcass mass, we calculate that the carcasses reported here represent an average supply of carbon to the local seafloor of 0.4 mg m−2d−1, equivalent to ~4% of the normal particulate organic carbon flux. Rapid flux of high-quality labile organic carbon in fish carcasses increases the transfer efficiency of the biological pump of carbon from the surface oceans to the deep sea. We postulate that these food-falls are the result of a local concentration of large marine vertebrates, linked to the high surface primary productivity in the study area. Because fall finds are so rare, researchers have resorted to dropping dead animals into the ocean and then studying what happens—finding four such natural carcasses is unprecedented, leading to questions as to why so many of the animals died seemingly at the same time. The researchers suggest the graveyard may not be as rare as the finding would suggest, as its possible many exist but have simply not been found—the ocean floor is a vast expanse after all, and the chances of happening upon a fall while studying any given section of sea floor would be slim. Despite that, many must exist as many sharks, rays, whales, exist in the sea and they all must die at some point. Scientists estimate that as much as 4 percent of food in the ocean comes from falls—the rest is in the form of marine snow. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Explore further Citation: Researcher figures out how sharks manage to act like math geniuses (2014, September 17) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-09-figures-sharks-math-geniuses.html (Phys.org) —Bioresearcher Andy Reynolds with Rothamsted Research in the U.K., believes he has solved the mystery of how sharks act like math geniuses—they simply turn away from turbulence, he reports in his paper published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. His research effort and paper came in response to prior research that showed sharks trap prey using what’s known as Lévy flight—a mathematical description of an optimal way of moving from one position to another using both long and short hops. Great white shark at Isla Guadalupe, Mexico, August 2006. Credit: Terry Goss/Wikipedia By most simple measures, sharks are not the smartest swimmers in the sea, yet, they have somehow managed to learn to use Lévy flight when chasing prey, optimizing energy use in the process. So, how do they do it? Reynolds claims its more reaction than thought and believes his computer simulations prove it. Normally responsible for investigating or developing models of insect movement patterns over terrain, Reynolds in this case, turned his attention to the way sharks and some other sea creatures move through their environment when chasing prey. After learning that many of them use Lévy flight, he sought to find out why.Lévy flight actually makes sense for predators, he found, it’s based on movements that can be used to gain the most amount of resources for the least amount of effort. Reynolds suspected sharks wind up using it due to turbulence in the water. Turbulence, he notes, is not conducive to efficient swimming. He turned to a part of turbulence theory which suggests that Lévy flights can arise naturally if a chaser (the shark) turns away from the direction of unusually strong turbulence. He took what he’d worked out with his math calculations and translated it to a computer model of shark movement. When run, the simulation showed the theories matched perfectly with real world observations. Sharks, it seems, are not great thinkers, instead, they merely appear to be so by simply avoiding messy turbulence.Reynolds’ results show that seemingly intelligent behavior in other animals may not be what it appears, and thus researchers and others observing such behaviors should consider the possibility that other factors may be at play. © 2014 Phys.org Jellyfish food-finding strategy found to be more complex than thought This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. More information: Lévy flight movement patterns in marine predators may derive from turbulence cues, Proc. R. Soc. A 8 November 2014 vol. 470 no. 2171 20140408, DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2014.0408 AbstractThe Lévy-flight foraging hypothesis states that because Lévy flights can optimize search efficiencies, natural selection should have led to adaptations for Lévy flight foraging. Some of the strongest evidence for this hypothesis has come from telemetry data for sharks, bony fish, sea turtles and penguins. Here, I show that the programming for these Lévy movement patterns does not need to be very sophisticated or clever on the predator’s part, as these movement patterns would arise naturally if the predators change their direction of travel only after encountering patches of relatively strong turbulence (a seemingly natural response to buffeting). This is established with the aid of kinematic simulations of three-dimensional turbulence. Lévy flights movement patterns are predicted to arise in all but the most quiescent of oceanic waters.
Journal information: Physical Review E (Phys.org)—A small team of researchers with École Polytechnique in France has found that all trees, regardless of size or species, tend to break at near the same wind speed. In their paper published in Physical Review Letters, the team describes tests they conducted in a lab and how they came up with a scaling law to describe the point at which a tree will break due to wind stress. Trees employ similar strategies to outcompete their neighbors © 2016 Phys.org People have noticed for some time that when high winds strike, trees, regardless of size, age or species all seem to snap in a given area—but only when the wind reaches some given speed. Up until now, it has not been clear if all trees snap at the same wind speed, or if there is a gradient of sorts. To find out, the researchers in France conducted experiments where they attached water buckets to wooden rods to measure both their flexibility and the point at which they would break. In so doing, the team found that the rods tended to break at near the same point. Next, the team combined their lab experiments with data collected by others over time that suggested that trees tend to snap when wind speeds reach approximately 42 meters per second. Using all the information at hand, the team came up with a scaling law to describe when a tree will break due to wind force: (V∼D0.75/L), where V is wind velocity, D is diameter of the wood and L is its length. When applied to trees, rather than just rods, the team found that variance due to physical differences between species was minimal—doubling the size of the tree, for example, made a difference of just 9 percent, and oak trees, notorious for their strength broke at speeds just 10 percent higher than pine.The researchers explain that the size of a tree does not play a bigger role because they grow at a rate where their height is proportional to diameter, and because the larger a tree grows the more defects in the wood come into play—also as a tree grows larger, more and more of its surface area is exposed to wind forces. Citation: Trees found to break at near the same wind speed regardless of size or species (2016, February 10) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-02-trees-size-species.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further Breakage induced by torsion. (a) A tree broken after a trunk torsion. (Photograph: Keraunos, Fontainebleau forest, France, June 2010). (b)–(e) Snapshots from experiments. Wood rod of length L=900 mm and diameter D=4 mm. Snapshots are stretched vertically to emphasize the deformation out of its axis (note the two scale bars). Credit: (c) Physical Review E (2016). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.93.023001 , Physical Review Letters More information: E. Virot et al. Critical wind speed at which trees break, Physical Review E (2016). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.93.023001ABSTRACTData from storms suggest that the critical wind speed at which trees break is constant (≃42m/s), regardless of tree characteristics. We question the physical origin of this observation both experimentally and theoretically. By combining Hooke’s law, Griffith’s criterion, and tree allometry, we show that the critical wind speed indeed hardly depends on the height, diameter, and elastic properties of trees.
by NPR News Lauren Frayer 8.21.19 12:11pm Last year, a long-distance truck driver, Mohammad Hashim, was hauling a load of refrigerators out of New Delhi when a dozen strangers on motorbikes forced him off the road.They pulled him out of his truck and demanded he open the back. They wanted to see if Hashim was transporting cows or beef — which is illegal in many Indian states, because cows are sacred in Hinduism, the majority religion in India.”But I’m just the driver, and I’m not allowed to open the back of the truck. It was locked,” Hashim, 45, recalls. “So they pulled on my beard and tried to force me to chant ‘Jai Shri Ram.'”That slogan — which means “Praise Lord Ram,” a Hindu god — has long been known as a prayer. Now it’s an incitement to mob violence against India’s minorities.Hashim, a Muslim, refused to chant in praise of a Hindu god. So the men started beating him.”I thought, ‘This is it. I’m going to die,'” he recalls. “Then I went unconscious.”A surge in lynchingsSince the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party won power in India five years ago, lynchings of the country’s minorities have surged. In February, Human Rights Watch reported at least 44 such murders between May 2015 and December 2018. Hundreds more people have been injured in religiously motivated attacks.Most of the victims are Muslims, members of the country’s largest religious minority. They comprise about 15% of India’s 1.3 billion people. Other victims include lower-caste Hindus and Christians.Most of the attackers are devout Hindu men, known as “cow vigilantes,” who take it upon themselves to enforce beef bans. Some of them claim ties to the BJP. Last year, a BJP minister met with a group of men convicted of a lynching and draped them in flower garlands.After Prime Minister Narendra Modi won a second term in a landslide victory in May, a new parliament was sworn in, dominated by his BJP. As opposition lawmakers, particularly one Muslim politician, recited the oath of office, some BJP lawmakers taunted them with chants of “Jai Shri Ram.”Last month, a BJP state minister was filmed heckling a Muslim lawmaker and trying to force him to chant “Jai Shri Ram” outside the Jharkhand state assembly.In an April report, the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom condemned what it called the Indian government’s “allowance and encouragement of mob violence against religious minorities.” In June, after a lynching in Jharkhand, the U.S. commission called on the Indian government to “take concrete actions that will prevent this kind of violence and intimidation.”Article 15 of India’s constitution prohibits discrimination based on religion. Human rights groups are lobbying for the creation of a specific hate crimes law, but none exists in India yet.”It’s like they are trying to erase us”One of India’s most infamous recent lynching cases was that of Pehlu Khan, 55, a Muslim dairy farmer from Haryana state.In April 2017, Khan and his two sons were driving home from a cattle fair in neighboring Rajasthan, with two cows and two calves in the back of their truck, when strangers on motorcycles surrounded them.”I showed them receipts for the cows we’d bought, but they tore them up — and started beating us with hockey sticks,” says Khan’s son Mohamed Irshad, 27. “I suffered internal bleeding. My brother and I barely survived — and all of India saw what happened to our father.”That’s because the attackers themselves recorded a video of their assault and posted it on social media. In a two-minute clip, the men praise Hindu gods as they punch and kick Khan. His white tunic splattered with blood, the father of eight pleads for his life, calling his attackers “brother.”That graphic video is how Khan’s widow Jaibuna, who goes by one name, learned of her husband’s death. She was waiting for him to return home from the cattle fair when a neighbor ran up and showed her the clip on his cell phone.”People were saying, ‘Don’t show her, this is her family!'” recalls Jaibuna, who is in her mid-40s but doesn’t know her exact age. “Everyone was panicking, and I couldn’t take it. I fainted.”Before he died, Khan was able to describe his attackers to police. Six men were arrested. Charges against them were dropped, then reinstated, and the case remained in limbo for two years — until last week, when a court acquitted all of them, citing lack of evidence.Instead, Khan was charged posthumously with cow smuggling. Police say he didn’t have a permit to transport cows across state lines. Khan’s two sons, who were with him that day, await trial — and if convicted, face the possibility of up to five years in prison.”It’s like they are trying to erase us — erase all of my people,” Jaibuna says in the muddy courtyard of their family farm.The family has sold off their cattle, to avoid further attacks. They’re frightened. A sole buffalo remains on their farm, along with some chickens.Former BJP lawmaker Gyan Dev Ahuja, who represented the Rajasthan district where Khan was murdered, has said he has “no regret over his death.” He called Khan a “sinner.”A lack of public outcryVideos of religiously motivated attacks in India like the one that killed Khan continue to go viral. There’s a new clip on social media practically every week.But prosecutions — of the attackers, at least — are rare. So is public outrage.”How does a majority stay silent and witness something, unless you believe that what’s happening is the right thing?” asks author Rana Ayyub, who went undercover to write a book about the BJP’s role in anti-Muslim riots in Modi’s home state of Gujarat, where Modi served as chief minister before becoming prime minister.The lack of public outcry over the surge in lynchings shows that India’s Hindu majority tacitly supports not murder, Ayyub says, but some discrimination against Muslims.Some Indian analysts say the situation in India is comparable to the post-Civil War period in the United States, when many white people looked on as black people were lynched.”The similarities with the American lynchings of the late 19th century are striking,” says Prabhir Vishnu Poruthiyil, a business professor at the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay who has studied corporate India’s lack of response to hate crimes.”Most of the upper-middle class that populate[s] the corporate classes, they’re also upper-caste Hindus,” Poruthiyil explains. “Even if they don’t agree with the lynching itself, they might be OK with the idea of stopping cow slaughter. It’s a slippery slope.”As a child in Mumbai, Ayyub survived Hindu-Muslim riots in 1992 and 1993, which killed several hundred people. But she says what’s happening now feels worse, because it’s not a “spur of the moment” outpouring of anger. There are very specific targets.”Now lynchings are organized on social media,” Ayyub says. “People send messages to each other, saying, ‘Hey, this household has beef in their fridge, let’s go attack them.”She says India’s Muslims increasingly perceive such attacks as being against them, rather than in defense of cows and Hindu customs. The repercussions could be dangerous, Ayyub warns. She’s worried that Muslims are being alienated as Hindu nationalists revise mainstream Indian norms along Hindu lines.”When you try to stifle a community, when you try to put them down, when you try to make them secondary citizens, their anger will burst on the streets,” Ayyub says. “That’s how you radicalize people.”Offering helpThere is a small, fledgling movement of Indians — Muslims and Hindus — working to fight hate crimes and help victims.In donated office space in New Delhi, four cellphones are lined up on a desk. When one line is busy, the next one rings. This is the headquarters of a new hate crimes helpline, created by United Against Hate, a network of volunteers. Organizers say they’ve received 15,000 phone calls since launching in July.Callers “are very upset. They are very worried and say, ‘We are in a difficult position,'” says dispatcher Jagisha Arora. “One person called me and said, ‘I’m at police station right now. Police are refusing to lodge a complaint. They are threatening us.'”Arora, 26, logs details from each call in an Excel spreadsheet and connects callers to free legal aid in 100 different Indian cities.But from time to time, she also gets a different type of call — from people who are angry that this helpline even exists.”Some people call to complain, like, ‘Why are you spreading this?’ They accuse me and say Muslims are bad,” she says, shaking her head. Fears persistHashim, the truck driver, survived his lynching on the highway outside New Delhi. After the attack, he was bedridden for six months with a broken leg and fractured vertebrae.He can’t read or write, so his supervisor at the trucking company — a Hindu — helped him file a police report. Nothing has come of it.Now it’s time for Hashim to get back on the road. He needs to provide for his five children.”My children say, ‘Don’t worry about us, Daddy. We can stay poor. We’ll eat less. We want you to be safe,'” Hashim says.They’re scared that next time, their father might not come home.Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit NPR. ‘This Is It. I’m Going To Die’: India’s… https://ondemand.npr.org/anon.npr-mp3/npr/me/2019/08/20190819_me_spate_of_lynchi…
The easternmost part of Asia just got closer to the Capital. How? On the occasion of Vietnam Cultural Days in India celebration, Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) and the Embassy of Vietnam staged a cultural performance of Vietnam’s music, dance, song and theatre.Attended by VU Van Ninh, prime minister of Vitenam and Ambassador Nguen Than Tan, the event was held at Rashtrapati Bhawan in collaboration with Premjit Singh Manipuri and the Vietnam National Music, Song and Dance Theatre. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Established in 1951, the national Vietnamese theatre group is a part of the Ministry of Culture, Sport and Tourism of Vietnam. Since then it has brought together multifarious artistes in the fields of national folk music, dance and song under one roof.The group has won many accolades at both national and international levels and has performed across the country at many festivals. It now comes to Delhi to showcase its best of the talent and art.‘The cultural festival provides a stable foundation for our interactions in tangible areas related to economy, commerce and politics in Vietnam. The gala celebration demonstrates the shared traditions between India and Vietnam,’ said Dr Suresh K Goel, Director General, ICCR. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with Netflix‘The Theatre group artists have been officially trained at domestic and international music institutions. There are nearly 61 ethnic minority people groups in Vietnam that forms the crux of the team and hone their talent at a nascent age,’ said Nguyen Than Tan, Ambassador of Vietnam to India.The celebrations will continue to spread its fervour and flavour in the coming days with many events. They include Vietnam Lotus Dance (H?n Sen Vi?t) which is about the journey of a lotus bud to a full-grown flower and like India, Vietnam also considers lotus as its National flower. Second on the list is a flute music performance called H?n hò, meaning Dating. It’s about creating that sacred bond between nature and human beings.Also a duet song will be performed by both Vietnamese and Indian artistes together called Tuong phùng tuong ng? (Whenever we meet each other) and Pal pal ha pal. The song signifies the spirit and sharing of goodwill whenever we meet each other.The ceremony will be closed with Chi?u d?i ngàn (The immensity of the Central Highlands in the afternoon), a musical evening taking you on a trip to Vietnam central Highland which is endowed with beauty of mother nature.Go for this festival to find out more about Vietnam and get enthralled.DETAILAt: ICCR Azad Bhawan, IP Estate When: 9 JanuaryTimings: 6.30 pm
The winner of the prestigious TERI under Project Search Phase V award were announced on 28 April where Chiranjiv Bharati School, Sushant Lok bagged first prize for best performing school in various activities throughout the year 2013-14 transition campaign – Inspire.Anushyas Kumar was selected as the fifth Tetrapak Ambassador and Ananyaq Veearun as STEP member. There are about 200 schools across the country who are part of this project. The first award was given by Jaideep Gokhale, communication director, Tetra Pak, South Asia Markets and the management award was given by Praveen, Environment Manager, Tetrapak, South Asia Markets.School Management was also awarded the Search Pillar Award for its continuous support towards working for the environment cause and sensitizing the community about the same.
Words and languages are not barriers when music runs in your soul. British Council’s collaborative programme Folk Nations is a proof of it. With an amalgamation of tunes from Wales, Scotland, England and India, Folk Nations left the audience wanting for more. The event was organised by The British council and Indian Council of Cultural relation (ICCR) at the Kamani auditorium on Wednesday evening.In early 2013 British Council and the English Folk Dance and Song Society (EFDSS) ran a residency workshop in Kolkata inviting a group of UK and Indian folk musicians to share their folk music tradition and collaborate in a week of immense music making. What emerged was a group of six gifted musicians – Patsy Reid (Scotland), Hannah James (England), Georgia Ruth (Wales), Saurav Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Moni (India), Suhail Yusuf Khan (India) and James Mackintosh (Scotland). Their group represents a delicate weaving of UK and Indian folk that speaks immediately to the cultural heritage of these regions as well as its place in the contemporary music industry. Be it Suhail Yusuf Khan’s beautiful folk song Rangi saari gulabi chunariya re with Patsy Reed’s Scottish tunes in perfect sync to it, or Hannah James melancholy number The Three Ravens, with Suhail’s Indian alaaps, the folk music of different countries interwoven together left the audience amazed. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixAttar Singh, an advocate, who had come to Kamani auditorium to witness the show said, ‘It is a very good initiative. It’s exciting to listen to music from different lands and how they have been interwoven with Indian folk. The approach is non-traditional but the music is traditional from each of these nations.’The audience, which consisted of many British expatriates, were tapping their feet and clapping along when Saurav Moni performed his song written on a heady draught of Bengal, Allah megh de, Paani de, Chhaya de Tui. The engaging evening ended with Saurav Moni’s song of rowing of the boats Haiyyo re haiyyo with Hannah James performing a tap dance to the tune. Songs of love and death, of romance and life sung in different languages and with foreign tunes left the audience moved. The performance will be repeated on the 17 October in Kolkata and in Shillong on the 19 October.
The Roman Catholic church in Sri Lanka says it has asked the government to ensure that the country’s presidential election does not conflict with Pope Francis’ visit to the country early next year.While a date has not been set, the government has said it wants to hold an election sometime in January. Pope Francis is to arrive in the island nation on January 13.The Reverend Fernando, the spokesman for the pope’s visit, said on Monday the church has told the government that Pope Francis won’t visit a country during an election campaign, and that there should be enough time between a possible election and the visit. During his trip, Pope is scheduled to lead the canonization Mass for S Lanka’s first saint.
Kolkata: Six persons, including five women in their early 20s, were injured when unidentified persons allegedly threw some chemical, supposedly acid, at them from a moving taxi last night at Panditia Road in the southern part of the city, police said today. The victims were passersby and the incident took place around 9.30 pm last night, the police said.Locals chased the yellow taxi but the riders including the driver escaped leaving the vehicle behind, a senior officer of Kolkata Police said. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flights”They (people in the car) attacked the people indiscriminately and randomly and no one was the target, in particular,” he added.Kolkata Police Deputy Commissioner (South) Meeraj Khalid said, “We have intercepted the taxi. A case has been lodged at Rabindra Sarovar police station. We are talking to the witnesses and the victims. We will soon arrest the culprits.” “We are yet to get hold of the driver Ricky Mondal, who was appointed by the owner. We found the room where he was staying in Kalighat area under lock and key. We have launched a search for him,” the investigating officer. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killed”Going by the eye witnesses version it seems there were around four to five men inside the taxi. We have asked for the CCTV footages of the area,” he added.A case was lodged at the Rabindra Sarovar police station and a search has been launched for the attackers using the vehicle’s registration number, he said.The injured were discharged after preliminary treatment at a state-run facility.Police were trying to find out the nature of the chemical which was allegedly hurled at the victims.”We have collected samples of the liquid from the spot and send it for testing at the laboratory. We are not sure whether the liquid was acid because there were no serious injuries on the victims. They only complained of a burning sensation,” the police officer added.
Indian icon Sachin Tendulkar led the cricketing world in applauding Sri Lankan veterans Kumar Sangakkara and Mahela Jayawardene, who bowed out of ODIs on Wednesday after their team’s World Cup quarterfinal loss to South Africa. “Well done on glorious ODI careers @KumarSanga2 & @MahelaJay Being an integral part of the ODI side for so many years,it is difficult to imagine the side without the 2 of you.Wishing you the very best and will miss the 2 of you constructing the innings in coloured clothes,” Tendulkar tweeted. Sangakkara played a whopping 404 ODIs, scoring 14,234 runs at an average of 41.98. Jayawardene, on the other hand, amassed 12,650 runs from 448 ODIs at an average of 33.37. Also Read – Khel Ratna for Deepa and Bajrang, Arjuna for JadejaTributes also poured in from other international stars with former South Africa captain Graeme Smith being among those who congratulated the two for their stellar international careers. “Congrats to @MahelaJay and @KumarSanga2 on incredible careers and what brilliant memories they gave us all,” tweeted Smith. “To @KumarSanga2 & @MahelaJay bad luck tonight but well done on your superb careers. Good luck and hope to see you both in the future!” added former Sri Lanka coach Dav Whatmore. Australia all-rounder Shane Watson also tweeted his appreciation for the veterans. “Sad to see @MahelaJay @KumarSanga2 leave the one day game… #Quality #Class #Humility,” Watson tweeted.
Kolkata: State Technical Education, Training and Skill Development minister Purnendu Basu on Thursday inaugurated the new website of the department – www.wbtetsd.gov.in, designed and developed by NIC.The minister also unveiled the departmental news bulletin ‘Karigari Barta’, which is targeted to reach the potential beneficiaries and users of skilled manpower to join hands for development of the state.”The policy and implementation of different activities and achievements of the department including all Directorates and skill Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsdevelopment will be disseminated through this website and act as a monthly news bulletin. We will ensure that this website is updated on a regular basis, ” Basu said.Apart from updating the various activities of the department and the directorate, the website and the news bulletin will also have alist of the polytechnic colleges and the ITI’s in the state categorising both government and private.Since 2011, this department has reshaped and strengthened the Technical Education , Vocational Education & Training and attempted to expand the programme to 145 Polytechnics in 59 subdivisions, 250 ITIs in 150 blocks and 2,714 Vocational Training Centers in most of the gram panchyats of the state.
Darjeeling: A portion of an under-construction flyover came crashing down at Phansidewa in Darjeeling district on Saturday without injuring anybody, police said.The incident happened near Kanthibhita in Phansidewa town along the National Highway 31D.Four laning of the highway is presently going on in the stretch which is a part of the East-West corridor envisaged under National Highways Development Project — Phase II, and is a vital link for connectivity to the North-East. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeSDO, Siraj Daneswar, BDO and DM Jayashi Dasgupta were present along with the police team at the spot since early morning.”This is an accident caused by some technical fault. The technical staff and the engineers on the project can give a proper explanantion for the same. The investigation has begun and the construction procedure has been stopped unless the matter is investigated by the National Highway Authority of India(NHAI),” said Dasgupta, the District Magistrate.Though 25 meters of the under-constructed flyover has collapsed, there are no reports of any injury. The area had been cordoned off by the police later in the morning.
Despite lavish poker parties and informal tournaments being the major attractions, particularly during Diwali, playing it as a proper sport or making a career out of it still remains a taboo, though some youngsters are trying hard to change that perception.There is huge money in poker and youngsters are making somewhere between Rs 10 lakh and Rs 1 crore every month. One such player is Aditya Agarwal.Agarwal, the face of Indian poker and who has managed to make a name for himself at the international level and earn millions of dollars, says that it is still awkward for him to tell people that he actually does “gambling” for a living. Also Read – A league of his own!“Coming from an Indian family, I was always in denial that I could actually take it up as a career. I always liked playing it but thought that once I complete my graduation, I would get a job. But by the time I graduated, I was already doing well and was making a lot of money. In fact, I became somewhat famous,” recalled Agarwal.“At that time, I thought that doing anything else other than this would be stupid and that’s how I got into it,” he told PTI. Also Read – Domingo named new Bangladesh cricket coachAgarwal, who hails from Kolkata, had recently made headlines when he bagged a massive USD 96,445 at the World Series of Poker in Las Vegas, which is considered one of the biggest tournaments in poker.“Although most other casino games are about luck, Poker is a game where you need to have some skills. Being good at mathematics is an advantage as there are a lot of numbers involved. You also need to understand the psychology of your opponents and judge their behaviour. Besides, mental fitness is a must to be able to make good decisions every single time. Sometimes for 10 to 14 hours at a stretch when you are playing tournaments.“Best players are those who are good at all these aspects,” explained Agarwal, who along with his brother Rajat, founded PokerGuru.in, a website dedicated to the game.Agarwal started playing over a decade ago when he was student in the Philadelphia, USA, and recalled that the telecast of World Series Poker in 2003 on the television got him and many others hooked to the game.“The World Series was won by an amateur. People watched it and got interested. I was 18 and in college. I started playing and gradually got better. I had a knack for the game. I started playing online as well and did well. It made me work harder and I also got mentors to teach me. Soon I was travelling the entire circuit,” said the 31-year-old.
Kolkata: Stressing that a “healthy heart is essential for a healthy body”, West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee said Saturday her government, under its ‘Shishu Sathi’ scheme, has been funding surgery of children with cardiac problems. The CM, on the occasion of World Heart Day, also stated that government hospitals in Bengal provide treatment free of cost. “Today is #WorldHeartDay. A healthy heart is essential for a healthy body. You will be happy to know that in #Bangla we provide free surgery to children with cardiac ailments under #SishuSathi scheme. Healthcare is also free in our state at government hospitals,” Banerjee tweeted. The ‘Sishu Saathi’ scheme, launched in 2013, is aimed at providing free treatment to children who suffer from heart condition, irrespective of their financial background. World Heart Day is observed every year on September 29 since 1999 to encourage people to adopt healthy living and cut the risk of heart-related illnesses.
Nearly eighty-five per cent of tobacco addicts can quit the habit of consuming nicotine products just by meditation, a study said. The study that commenced in early 2014, conducting tests on 1,021 tobacco addicts of various forms, also found that the person did not relapse into addiction once he had quit the habit through meditation.The study showed 62 per cent of tobacco addicts of various forms who attended regular Yoga classes quit nicotine use within one month, while the non-regulars took a little more time to do so. “Apart from the 62 per cent who had quit tobacco in one month, there were 7.49 per cent who quit tobacco between 2-6 months and 15.47 per cent who quit tobacco after 12 months,” said the study, conducted by Brahma Kumaris centres all across India. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfCalling it Raja Yogi lifestyle, Valsalan Nair, a doctor associated with the Brahma Kumaris sect, said that the entire procedure of the particular lifestyle was associated with health promoting behaviours. “The findings of this study concludes that the Raja Yoga lifestyle is effective in management and relapse prevention among tobacco addicts,” said Nair. The study was published in the Indian Journal of Private Psychiatry. The research was made public by Brahma Kumaris at the ongoing World Health Organization’s (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control – world’s biggest conference on anti-tobacco policies. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveExplaining the research, Nair said all the data was collected on one-to-one interview basis after obtaining consent of 1,021 persons spread across 25 states and two Union Territories. “The data was managed centrally at Medical Wing Research and analysed by independent analyst.” According to the study, apart from meditation what also contributed towards quitting the habit was positive thinking classes and satwik food – a vegetarian diet beneficial in developing clarity, concentration and focus that spiritual development requires.
Kolkata: A wall mural made by the women survivors of sexual violence will be put up in the city on December 14.The women will be assisted by some former students of Government Art College. This is for the first time when the survivors of sexual violence will make murals that will depict their aspirations, dreams and what they can achieve with regard to their work or profession at a personal level. This is a part of a three-week long awareness campaign launched by Swayam, an organisation working for the causes of women. Short films on #Metoo movement were shown at Rotary Sadan on November 30. Besides India, short films from Sri Lanka, Afganisthan, Pakisthan, Nepal Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeand Bangladesh. The awareness drive will be launched in Kolkata and its neighbourhood. Rally against sexual harassment on women and girls will be held from Maheshtala to Metiabruz in South 24-Parganas on December 5. On December 6, there will be a programme on communal harmony. On December 8, theatre and music group personalities will interact with the common people at different places in South Kolkata. On December 10, a human rights fair will be organized at ranu Chaya Mancha. A spokesman for Swayam said the whole idea behind organising the three-long programme is to create awareness among women coming from all walks of life. It is in fact that women are being sexually abused both at home and outside. Through the programmes women will be urged to come out and lodge their protests.
Scientists have identified what causes ‘brain freeze’ – a quick and intense headache felt when we consume ice creams or other such chilly treats too quickly. “A brain freeze is what happens when cold food touches a bundle of nerves in the back of the palate,” said Stephanie Vertrees, assistant professor at the Texas A&M University in the US. “The sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) is a group of nerves that are sensitive to cold food, and when they’re stimulated, they relay information that stimulates a part of the brain to have a headache,” said Vertrees. The SPG is a very important bundle of nerves, and although it is the source of brain freeze, this group of nerves is also the cause of other types of headaches, researchers said.”This is the same ganglion that is responsible for migraine headaches and cluster headaches,” Vertrees said. “There has been a lot of research done on this bundle of nerves, but mostly for trying to prevent these more serious and longer-lasting headaches,” she said.”We now have two different kinds of devices for the SPG. One device blocks the nerve with a numbing agent, and the other that stimulates it electronically with the goal of eliminating or preventing migraine or cluster headaches from occurring,” she added. Obviously, that approach is a bit extreme for treating a brain freeze, but these links between the different types of headaches can help people who suffer from migraines.”Many people will try to give themselves a brain freeze to try to break a migraine headache,” Vertrees said. “It may not work for everyone or work every time, but giving yourself a brain freeze can possibly alleviate a migraine,” she said. There are several (obvious) ways to avoid a brain freeze, but fewer ways to treat one.”To avoid brain freeze, eat the cold food much more slowly so that your mouth can warm up the food – don’t inhale it,” Vertrees said. “Keep it in the front of your mouth: the further-back stimulation is what triggers the brain freeze,” she said. However, if you find yourself a victim to an ice cream headache, there is a trick you can do to try and warm your way out of one, researchers said.If you begin feeling a brain freeze coming on, press your tongue to the roof of your mouth. The heat from your tongue will warm up the sinuses behind your nose and then warm the ganglion that caused the brain freeze, they said.”Brain freezes are not dangerous and very self-limiting,” Vertrees said. “It’s about slowing down and being patient and aware of the likelihood of getting a brain freeze if you eat or drink too fast,” she said.
Kolkata: An economic review for 2018-19 presented by the state government says rural electrification of households has increased from 55 percent in 2011 to 99.81 percent till March 2018. When the Mamata Banerjee government came to power, there was no electricity coverage in 45 percent of the entire area of the state but in the past few years, almost all the villagers have been brought under the coverage of electricity.The review also says that the government has ensured 24×7 power supply to all the consumers with uninterrupted power supply for 24 hours a day in the urban areas but in case of rural areas, supply of power for more than 23 hours a day has been achieved in the rural areas. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseAround 5 lakh new consumers have been added during the financial year, taking the consumer base to 185 lakh. As many as 5,390 new industrial connections having a capacity of 266 MVA, 1,52,956 new commercial connections and 26,188 new agriculture connections have been provided by the state Power department. Around 100 percent electrification has been completed for all districts except the enclaves of Cooch Behar, Sunderban islands in South 24-Parganas and the hill areas of Darjeeling region. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThe West Bengal State Electricity Distribution Company Limited (WBSEDCL) has been exporting power to Bangladesh continuously since December 2013. In a major infrastructural development, the WBSEDCL has set up 25 new 33/11 KV sub-stations (having transformation capacity of 356 MVA) during the last financial year, taking the total number of 33/11 KV sub-stations to 616 with transformation capacity of 10,455.45 MVA. WBSEDCL has commissioned 1,002 CKM new 33 KV line, 2,655 CKM new 11 KV line and 21,459 CKM new LT line during last year, raising the present line lengths of 33 KV line to 15,029 CKM and 11 KV line to 1,64,333.77 CKM. Around 6,704 new distribution transformers with a cumulative capacity of 572.182 MVA have been installed, taking the total number of distribution transformers to 2,60,443. Phase I and phase II of Strengthening and Extending Electricity Distribution Network (SEEDN) with a sanctioned amount of Rs 619 crore has been taken up for further strengthening of the distribution system, for providing quality power to the people.
Anyone in the trade will tell you that there are no safe bets, just as there is no formula for making a successful film. This was only underlined by the underdog films of last year – films like Hindi Medium, Newton, Shubh Mangal Saavdhan and Bareilly Ki Barfi, which were winners.But, these films had one thing missing. Despite the critical acclaim and audience appreciation that they received, they did not bring in huge box office numbers. Even those that did well commercially were unable to rack up anything next to the numbers that successful, big-banner films achieve – those larger-than-life commercial, masala entertainers. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfMoreover, the recently released Baaghi 2 has taught us that commercial movies are always going to be the first love of the Indian audience. No doubt, viewers are accepting out-of-the-box cinema and new subjects with creative treatment. But, with a masala blockbuster set to release every second month of 2018, it makes us wonder whether commercial is the way to go for filmmakers.While it is next to impossible to say what does and what does not click with the movie-going audience, one thing is clear – only a successful blockbuster can rake in the really big numbers. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveWe asked producers, directors, exhibitors and distributors whether commercial, masala movies are the safest bet for Bollywood filmmakers after all. Bhushan Kumar, ProducerEach of our last four films, Hindi Medium, Tumhari Sulu, Sonu Ke Titu Ki Sweety and Raid, were of very different genres but each one did exceptionally well at the box office. We believe that a good, entertaining film will always find its audience and reach its potential. Vijay Singh, CEO, Fox Star Studios2018 has begun on a fantastic note for the industry. Audiences have been exposed to varied genres of entertainment, from the period classic Padmaavat to Akshay Kumar’s social drama Pad Man, Ajay Devgn’s Raid to Sajid Nadiadwala and FSS’s action entertainer Baaghi 2, which has created an opening day record and raced to the coveted ‘100-crore mark within 6 days of its release. Just when naysayers were claiming that audiences only want to come to theatres for big, spectacle films, the power of good stories with a point of difference has been reinforced! Remo D’Souza, DirectorWe already know that masala movies work more than content-driven films. There are very few content-driven films and those that work do so because they have entertainment value. With so much stress in everyone’s lives, no one wants to see something that is not entertaining. Audiences want to see something that will entertain them. That is why I think commercial entertainers work. When people come to see a movie, they want to enjoy themselves, see amazing stunts, they want to get entertained. That is why, not only in India but all over the world, commercial entertainers work. Mahendra Soni, Director & Co-Founder, SVFBaaghi 2 has delivered great numbers and it is great news for the industry. There cannot be a single formula for successful films, that it has to be masala commercial to work. The recent pat has unequivocally proved that good films which connect with the audience will undoubtedly work. Dangal and Padmaavat are not hardcore commercial films but they have delivered big time.I feel there is huge potential in every kind of film, provided it connects with its target audience and is made on budgets that keep the recovery potential in mind. October has been loved by a certain type of audience and it got great reviews too but it will not go down as a hit or a blockbuster film. My point is, expecting it to earn ‘100 crore is absurd and comparing it with the success of Judwaa 2 is ridiculous. The time has come where filmmakers/studio owners need to be more aware of market dynamics and approach their films in a more strategic manner with respect to not only budgets but a release plan, marketing spends and recovery modules. Ramesh Taurani, ProducerI don’t think there are any safe bets in the movie business. If that were the case, everyone would be making the same kind of films. The movies that you have mentioned have done well at the box office because in some way they have connected with the audience. In my opinion, that’s the only way to make a film today. Whether it’s a commercial or a content-driven film, it has to entertain the audience. Last year, we saw content-driven films like Shubh Mangal Saavdhan, Bareilly Ki Barfi, which worked at the box office. And for these movies, content was king. Jayantilal Gada, ProducerContent-driven movies will always work but they have their limitations too. They cannot reach the box office success levels of commercial masala entertainers. Masala films definitely have their place, especially with what Tiger Shroff has done with Baaghi 2. It will open doors for young stars.